history notes CAM CAM - 1 Puritanism the Origins of New...

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1) Puritanism & the Origins of New England. a) Puritan Critique of the Church of England b) Separatists & Non-separatistsi)Puritans separated into two groups, separatists split off and worshiped in secret. The non-separatist decides to split of from church and hope authorities will understand eventually. Both groups settle and form two different colonies in New England. 2) Religion and Capitala) Plymouth Company and Plymouth Colony- 1620i)London merchants are different because they are Puritans. The goals and investors are different then Virginia. ii) Recruited kinfolk and neighborhood people instead of soldiers. iii)Small colony never attracts to many English settlers. Remembered for idealistic founding. b) Massachusetts Bay Company and Colony- 1630i)John Winthrop-first governor and “Model of Christian Charity”- Says all together, need to share. ii) Twice as many settlers, 14,000. (1)Non Separatists (2) What to do with Indians?1.Indians don’t use land properly, no cities, no farming 2.More then enough for them and for us. 3.God has given Indians’ a plague. Killed
90% of Indians around coast.4.Indians will want them to be there. 3) Indians and Colonists a) English Claims to Landb) Disease and its effects4) Expansion of New England Settlement a) Ideas of covenant and community-Indians weren’t invited to sign the covenant. Brings colonists together but disregarded Indians. b) Land distribution-individual didn’t get land, communities did. System of giving out land that encourages settlers to spread out. Also encourages population growth. People marrying earlier knowing that they are guaranteed land. 1700, 90,000. c) Demographic Explosion: People & Animals i)Brought livestock over to new world. (1)Animal trespassing is #1 source of friction between English and Indians.d) Pequot War 1637- Connecticut- Dutch set up trading posts. Dutch changes policy and trade with any Indians. Willing to have English down. Hoping they would kick the Dutch out. Why did Virginia survive and persist?-Colonists wanted to stay-Indians weren’t as big as an impact-Colonist’s finally found profit maker, tobacco
Individual entrepreneurs are adventuring and colonizing. The crown itself isn’t taking part. John Calvin and followers were strong believers in being protestant reformers. Predestination- already decided, heaven or hell. -Reformist were imprisoned and tortured for their beliefs. (Sometimes even executed) -

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