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public speaking study guide

public speaking study guide - STUDY GUIDE Midterm...

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STUDY GUIDE: Midterm Examination. Communication 1300 -Although you are responsible for all material presented in lecture and the textbook, a review of the material below will be helpful in preparing for the midterm examination. ----The test will consist of 50 multiple-choice questions. -A good strategy for how to study for the midterm is to review the corresponding textbook pages. The My Speech Lab website has a useful "pretest": and "posttest" tool that accompanies each chapter. This will help you diagnose where you should concentrate your study time. -The test will be focused more on the application of concepts rather than the memorization of terms. So, while you do need to know the specialized vocabulary we use in rhetoric, it is more important to understand the concepts behind those terms and be able to apply them. 1. You should be familiar with the concept of "rhetorical situation." What are the basic components of the rhetorical situation and how do they relate to one another? Is a situation in which people’s understanding can be changed through messages The audience: o Helps to create the rhetorical situation by affecting, among other things, your choice of what to emphasize in the speech, what level of knowledge to assume, how to organize the speech, and what your specific purpose will be o Most speakers what to present their ideas in ways that achieve identification: formation of common bonds between the speaker and the audience The occasion: o Some speeches are ceremonial, such as presenting or accepting an award, introducing someone, delivering a eulogy, or commemorating an event o Others are primarily deliberative, such as making an oral report, delivering a sales presentation, advocating a policy, or refuting another person’s argument o Another speech is forensic which is concerned with rendering judgments about events in the past (dominant form in courts) o Exigence: a problem that cannot be avoided but that can be solved or at least managed, through the development of an appropriate message The speaker: o Different speakers can give a different reaction and effect o Interest in subject- as made evident through voice, delivery, and the vividness of your imagery- helps to determine how the audience will react to the speech The speech: o In most cases, an audience’s understanding of a situation can be improved by a speech that is organized effectively, that includes interesting examples and memorable phrases, and that is presented enthusiastically
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Strategy: a plan of action to achieve stated goals 2. You should be familiar with the four methods of delivery (methods of preparing and delivering speeches) discussed in class. What are strengths and weaknesses of each? Four Methods of delivery o Extemporaneous: a mode of presentation in which the main ideas and structure have been worked out in advance but specific wording has not been developed o Manuscript: a mode of delivery in which the speaker reads aloud the prepared text of the speech o
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