Lecture 9 FILLED IN.docx - Chenwi/Dyani-Mhango/Sucker...

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Chenwi/Dyani-Mhango/Sucker – Lecture 9 Outline –26/27 September 2013 A. INTRODUCTION TO THE UN 1. Establishment, Purposes and Principles of the UN (arts 1 & 2 of UN Charter) UN was established in 1945. To maintain international peace and security, and take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, Settlement of international disputes by peaceful means. To develop friendly relations among nations International co-operation in solving international problems (economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian) To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations 2. UN structure / Introduction to its principal organs (see organisational chart) General Assembly Main deliberative, policymaking & representative organ Secondary responsibility – maintenance of international peace Meets annually in ordinary session Comprises 193 members Security Council Executive body of the UN Primary responsibility – maintenance of international peace & security Comprises 15 members (5 permanent members – China, France, Russia, UK & USA; & 10 non-permanent members elected by GA for 2 years - SA (2007-2008 & 2011-2012) Presidency of SC on a 1 month rotational basis) Takes decisions binding on all members states Economic & Social Council Coordinates economic, social & related work of the specialized agencies, which work on a particular issue Comprises 54 members Secretari at Day to day work of UN Services other organs & administers programmes Ban Ki-Moon, Current SG – Korean Trusteeship Council: supervises administration of trust territories (suspended in 1994) Internati onal Court of Justice Main judicial organ 15 full time judges (also has ad hoc judges) Only States can be parties to cases Trusteesh ip Council Supervises administration of trust territories (suspended in 1994) Page | 1
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Chenwi/Dyani-Mhango/Sucker – Lecture 9 Outline –26/27 September 2013 General Assembly The plenary body of the UN, with secondary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace. Meets annually in ordinary session and provides a forum for the discussion of problems facing the nations of the world. 193 member states. Each member has one vote. GA is authorised to discuss and adopt resolutions on any question relating to the maintenance of international peace or any question falling within the scope of the Charter. Particular disputes may be brought to its attention by member/non-member states and the SC, and it may ‘recommend measures of peaceful adjustment’ to any situation detrimental to relations among nations. GA resolutions on its internal matters are legally binding. Resolutions addressed to member states iro peace and security are not legally binding on states. GA resolutions have NB legal consequences: Provide a legal authorisation for states to engage in action that might otherwise be legally questionable; If repeated frequently, may acquire the force of a customary rule; Resolutions must be considered in good faith with a view to their implementation (failure to do so may have serious implications i.e.
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