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PowerPoint Disney Merchandiser.pdf - FILM 2344 History of...

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FILM 2344 History of Animated Film Moving from silent to s ou nd animation Julu 9, 2019
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Last Time: Silent Creatives Beat Motion Picture Industry Creators Silent creatives including Charlie Chaplin and some independent animators broke out of the Motion Picture Patents Trust to take over the industry But early animators were just as “patent hungry” following the lead of the Motion Picture Patents Co. Cel Animation
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Film’s History 1) Motion Picture Patents Era (1890s-1910s): East Coast based with experimental animation 2) Rise of Hollywood (1910s-1920s): Creative stars, directors and animators re-invent the film industry 3) Hollywood Studio System (1920s-1960s): Big studios make genre films and shorts with a stable of contracted stars, directors, and technicians; conversion to sound wipes out independent companies, stars, and directors but not animators 4) Studios under new operators (1960s-present): Multi- national studios some with in-house animation studios and others who contract out as in #3
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Hollywood Oliogopoly 5 major studios (Big Five) and 3 minor studios (Little Three) controlled the film industry Big 5: Paramount, MGM, Fox, Warner Bros and RKO Little Three: Columbia Universal and United Artists Much as is the case in pro sports, stars signed long- term contracts with a single studio and generally couldn’t make films for other studios
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John Bray creates the cartoon series A newspaper cartoonist by trade decided to pitch a film to Pathé Films based on his comic strip character Colonel Heeza Liar and his supposed jungle adventures Pathé said: we want a series of these and Bray knew that the process of animation would have to be speeded up
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Bray Patent Much as the pioneering motion picture producers had done, Bray decided to patent his animation style that would allow static, non-moving background images to be used over and over again and a foreground moving object on top This is why the article on Canvas said Bray was the most influential animator of the early days because he both created the series and cel animation
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Review: Hurd’s improvement John Bray’s underling Earl Hurd created an improved patent that he left to Bray that would lead to true “layered cel” animation using transparent celluloid just like film and laying images on top of other images
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And so series animated shorts took off Newspaper cartoon characters Mutt & Jeff and Krazy Kat made the transition to series animation Umbrella “anthology series” were created including “Song Car Tunes,” “Aesop’s Fables,” “Out of the Inkwell” and “Pictographs” And original silent characters including “Felix, the Cat,” “Koko, The Clown,” and “Oswald, the Lucky Rabbit” among them
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“Auteurs” Animation was part art and part commerce Producer/Directors became “auteurs” as they developed signature styles that set their cartoon series apart from others
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Notable Auteurs Dave and Max Fleischer Walter Lantz Walt Disney Ub Iwerks Paul Terry
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1920s/1940s Moviegoing An afternoon at the movie theater would provide you with:
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  • Summer '19
  • Sedman
  • Mickey Mouse, Max Fleischer

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