Animation lecture one.pdf - FILM 2344 History of Animated...

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FILM 2344 History of Animated Film July 8, 2019
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Today Basics of the class - Presos and Paper Producers / Animators / Studios you know Nascent animation types Silent Animated film
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Thaumatrope Name means “magic turn” Simply made of 2 pieces of paper and string One image on the front, another on the back. As it spins it gives the illusion of combining the images. Predates the animated gif by 170 years 3
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Persistence of Vision
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Persistence of Vision When the strings are twirled quickly between the fingers the two pictures appear to combine into a single image due to persistence of vision Persistence of vision - the eye's ability to retain an image for roughly 1/20 of a second after the object is gone. The eye continues to see the two images on either side of the thaumatrope shortly after each has disappeared. As the thaumatrope spins, the series of quick flashes is interpreted as one continuous image.
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Invented in the 1860s Designed to actually animate Was an expensive toy for children and adults Made of a cylinder with slits in it Images were put on the inside of the cylinder. The viewer would spin the cylinder to see the images move. Zoetrope
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How is persistence of vision at work here?
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Flip books are made by layering sheets of paper with slightly altered images in a sequential order. As the viewer quickly “flips” through the book, they see a quick animation. Came about in 1868 and under the name “kineograph” or moving picture Flip Book
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Zoopraxiscope Eadweard Muybridge created what is considered to be the first movie projector Images pass by in rapid succession showing motion Leland Stanford — race horse owner — famously wanted to know whether all four feet of a horse were all off the ground in gallop and Muybridge did “Horse in Motion” to prove that they did
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Photography + Film In the late 1880s, celluloid photographic film and the innovation such as the Kinetoscope could display rapid-fire sequences of images to bring about motion pictures The invention of photography and moving pictures aided in the development of animation
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J. Stuart Blackton The founder of animation in motion pictures
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“Humorous Phases of Funny Faces” In 1906, J. Stuart Blackton made the first animated film using “stop motion” filming
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  • Summer '19
  • Sedman
  • Test, Max Fleischer, Winsor McCay, John Bray

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