Inferiority complex prest.docx

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Presentation about inferiority complex: What is the definition of inferiority complex? -An inferiority complex consists of lack of self-esteem , a doubt and uncertainty about oneself, and feelings of not measuring up to standards. It is often subcon- scious, and is thought to drive afflicted individuals to overcompensate, resulting ei- ther in spectacular achievement or extremely asocial behaviour. In modern litera- ture, the preferred terminology is "lack of covert self-esteem . The term "inferiority complex" was coined in the 1920s by French psychologist Alfred Adler -Different from superiority complex which is an exaggerated feeling of being supe- rior to others that is used as a defence mechanism to conceal feelings of extreme inferiority. Superiority complex can stem from inferiority feelings. Adler defined primary and secondary feelings of inferiority: Primary feelings: occur in child’s first experience of weakness or dependency on others. Usually parents or siblings. Secondary feelings: Occur at adulthood, when the person is not able to reach their final goal of personal sense of security and success. It is usually caused by some sort of a trigger. Examples are: inability to graduate from school, fear of leaving home, failures in job interview. Whatever the trigger is, people with secondary feelings struggle to find appropriate identity as an adult, and often revert back to primary feelings. Theory behind: - When we are born, we are completely helpless. We rely on adults to take care of all our needs and are constantly surrounded by people who are more capable than us, which is causing us to feel inferior. As we grow, we start to make sense of the world and want to become as capable as the people around us. In that sense, Adler be- lieved that inferiority feelings are normal and beneficial because they motivate the individual to seek for self-improvement.
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