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BOKO HARAM, KIDNAPPINGS AND NIGERIA’S GOVERNMENT By Ibrahim Lawal Ahmed Political Science, Bayero University, Kano. Recently, the world is saddened with the execution of another aid worker in the Boko Haram’s captivity. This brings to the fore the issue of understanding the dynamism and the logic of Boko Haram. Boko Haram is an ideology of establishing Islamic caliphate through violent means that emerged under a façade of salaf/sunni renaissance held and propagated dominantly by the youths. There is an Islamic doctrine preached by scholars that ‘if you see a party (group) dominated by the youths lacking any tangible guidance from the elderly, that party is dangerous.’ The question is why? Because it is likely to be violent; “the mind of the (African) youths is a violent mind (Fanon).” The destitution caused by the failure of the government which according to Mu’azzam and Ibrahim (2000) have created primarily religious and ethnic oriented individuals, must have contributed to shaping study interests in theology and preaching to fascinating tales of el-dorado Islamic caliphate resulting in a fancy of its resurgence. As the narration was constrained to that of war, jihad came/comes to be understood by the young shallow mind as essentially, “violence.” Subsequently, they came to view the orthodox Islamic scholars as having failed to lead this jihad that would construct Constantinople. As such they narrowed their focus of guidance to only Qur’an and Hadith, and interpreted not in essence (allegorical meaning) but in appearance; imbibing zahirriya doctrine and embracing khawarij ideologies. As desire for joy overwhelms the pain of suffering, the fear of death easily became eroded in pursue of a false promise of eternal delight (heaven). Supported with ammunition, training and even personnel from AQIM (Al-Qaeda In Maghareb) and Al-Shabab, Boko Haram is now regarded as the deadliest terrorist in the world. We always assumed of Boko Haram as a united force, but the reality is contrary. Abubakar Shekau, Mamman Nur, Khalid Al-Barnawi, Abu Muhammad and Abu Fatima are the leaders of the same people we view as Boko Haram. Shekau’s faction operates dominantly in North-East and is numerically higher and is good in frontal attack. Mamman Nur is a suicide-bomber specialist trained by Al-Shabab. He was involved in the planning and even said to be the master- mind of the suicide bombing of UN building in Abuja on 26 th August, 2011. Khalid Barnawi is quite the most intelligent of them all. He was trained by AQIM and rose to be commander of one the AQIM’s training camp deputised by Abu Muhammad. He was, before arrested last year, leader of Ansaru faction of Boko Haram with members such as the notorious Kabiru Sokoto.
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  • Fall '19
  • Islam, Al-Qaeda, Cameroon

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