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Unformatted text preview: LEED Green Associate Study Guide We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors...we borrow it from our children A Study Resource for Green Building and LEED Core Concepts and the LEED Green Associate Exam Process LEED v4 | First Edition SUSTAINABLEIDEALS LEED Green Associate Study Guide LEED v4 | First Edition revision: - | publish date: 30 June, 2014 COPYRIGHT Copyright © 2014 by STUDIO4 LLC. All rights reserved. All content included in the LEED Green Associate Study Guide, LEED v4, First Edition (the Study Guide), is the property of STUDIO4 LLC (Studio4). Unauthorized reproduction or display of the Study Guide violates copyright, trademark, and other laws and is prohibited. You are authorized to use this study guide for personal, non-commercial use only, provided that you do not remove any copyright, trademark or other proprietary notices from the downloaded materials. You are not permitted to modify, distribute, reproduce, publish, transmit or create derivative documents from any material in this document for any private, public or commercial purpose, including display on a website or in a networked environment. Redistributing the Study Guide on the internet or otherwise reproducing and/or distributing the Study Guide is strictly prohibited even if offered free of charge. DISCLAIMER The LEED Green Associate Study Guide, LEED v4, First Edition (the Study Guide), is provided by STUDIO4 LLC (Studio4) on an as-is basis. Studio4 makes no presentations or warranties of any kind, expressed or implied, as to the information, content, materials or products included in this document. To the full extent permissible by applicable law, Studio4 disclaims all warranties, expressed or implied, including but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Studio4 will not be liable for any damages of any kind arising from the use of these materials, including but not limited to, direct, indirect, incidental, punitive, and consequential damages. The materials herein are intended to be used as supplemental study materials for preparation of the LEED Green Associate examination. The study guide should be considered as a supplement to the study materials as recommended by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) and the Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI). Studio4 makes no guarantees for passing the LEED Green Associate examination. As a condition of use, you covenant not to sue and agree to waive and release Studio4, its officers, directors and volunteers from any and all claims, demands and causes of action for any injuries or losses that the user may now or hereafter have a right to assert against such parties as a result of the use of, or reliance on, the Study Guide. By using the Study Guide, you agree that the exclusions and limitations of liability set out in the Study Guide disclaimer are reasonable. If you do not think they are reasonable, you must not use the Study Guide. NOTICE USGBC® and U.S. Green Building Council® are trademarks owned by the U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. (USGBC). GBCI™ and Green Building Certification Institute™ are trademarks of Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI). LEED® is a registered trademark of USGBC, used by GBCI under license from USGBC. STUDIO4 LLC is not affiliated with, or endorsed by, USGBC®, GBCI™ or LEED®. The content of the LEED Green Associate Study Guide, LEED v4, First Edition is the copyrighted property of STUDIO4 LLC. All other trademarks in the Study Guide are the property of their respective owners. If any person or entity believes this document contains copyrighted materials without their permission, please send a notice to Studio4 LLC at [email protected] ii Table of Contents Green Associate Study Guide | LEED v4 — First Edition CHAPTER | 1 1 Introductory conversations into sustainable design and construction and the associated benefits of the roles of the LEED AP and LEED rating systems Introduction1 About the Studio4 LEED Green Associate Study Guide  The Studio4 LEED Green Associate Study Guide Format  A Bit of Housekeeping A Bit of Study Advice Commentaries: the Value of LEED Recommended Reference Links 2 2 4 5 5 5 CHAPTER | 2 11 An analysis between traditional design and construction practice versus green building strategies and the environmental impacts associated with each Green Buildings and Communities Green Building: Past, Present, Future Green Building Core Principles Traditional Thinking Sustainable Thinking Green Building Benefits Economic Benefits Social Benefits Environmental Benefits The Triple Bottom Line Climate Change and Sustainable Communities Green Building Costs Hard Costs Soft Costs Life Cycle Costing Value Engineering Green Building Core Design Principles The Sustainable Structure of Green Design Integrated Design Approach The Building Program Design Flexibility for the Future Location, Location, Location Credit Interactions Building Commissioning Operations & Maintenance Program Energy Audit 11 12 13 13 14 15 15 15 15 16 16 17 17 17 17 17 18 18 19 19 19 20 21 21 22 22 iii Table of Contents Green Associate Study Guide | LEED v4 — First Edition Green Codes Green Building Incentive Strategies The Smarter Approach Chapter Recap Recommended Reference Links 23 23 23 23 25 CHAPTER | 3 27 A review of the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI), Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) and the processes required for, and associated with, LEED certification USGBC, GBCI & LEED Introduction  U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC)  USGBC’s Mission USGBC’s Vision Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)  USGBC’s Guiding Principles The Goals of LEED The Flexibility of LEED The Benefits of LEED Certification The Benefits of LEED Accreditation Accreditation vs Certification LEED Rating Systems Rating System Organization LEED for Building Design and Construction LEED for Interior Design and Construction LEED for Building Operations and Maintenance LEED for Neighborhood Development Choosing Between LEED Rating Systems Multiple Certifications LEED Reference Guides Reference Guide Structure Minimum Program Requirements (MPRs) Impact Category and Point Allocation Credit Harmonization Credit Synergies and Trade-offs LEED Pilot Credit Library LEED Committees Project Certification Process Credit Interpretation Ruling (CIR) LEED Interpretations iv 27 28 28 28 28 29 29 30 30 30 30 30 31 31 32 33 33 33 33 35 36 36 36 38 38 39 39 39 39 40 44 44 Table of Contents Green Associate Study Guide | LEED v4 — First Edition Alternative Compliance Path (ACP) Global Alternative Compliance Paths (Global ACP) LEED Credentialing & Credential Maintenance USGBC Trademark Policy and GBCI Logo Guidelines Recommended Reference Links 44 44 44 45 49 CHAPTER | 4 51 A review of the Integrative Design Process that gives teams an opportunity to be rewarded for holding charrettes, having a certain number of team meetings, conducting a thorough site assessment and having a LEED AP as a team member Integrative Process (IP) 51 Integrative Process (IP) Credit Matrix 52 Integrative Process (IP) Overview 52 Integrative Process (IP) Prerequisite and Credit 53 Integrated Design Process 54 Holistic, Whole Building Design Objectives 55 Key Project Team Stakeholders and Disciplines 57 Design and Construction Phase Plan 58 Design Charrette 58 Credit Interactions 59 Building Commissioning  59 The Systems Thinking Approach 60 The Goal 60 Systems Thinking Approach 60 Systems Thinking 60 Systems61 Leverage66 Measuring Sustainable Building Performance 67 The Life Cycle Approach 67 Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) 67 Life Cycle Costing (LCC) 68 Externalities and the Environment 69 Planning for the End Game 69 Integrative Process (IP) Referenced Standards 71 Integrative Process (IP) Related Synergies and Trade-offs 71 Integrative Process (IP) Related Terms 71 Integrative Process (IP) Chapter Recap 71 Integrative Process (IP) Recommended Reference Links 73 Studio4 Project: IP Schematic Design Phase 74 v Table of Contents Green Associate Study Guide | LEED v4 — First Edition CHAPTER | 5 77 The sustainable goals of the Location & Transportation category addresses the site location relative to existing infrastructure, services, and transportation Location and Transportation (LT) 77 Location and Transportation (LT) Credit Matrix 78 Location and Transportation (LT) Overview 78 Location and Transportation (LT) Category Goals & Objectives 79 Location and Transportation (LT) Category Documentation/Cross-Cutting Issues 80 Location and Transportation (LT) Strategies82 Site Assessment 82 Locate in a LEED for Neighborhood Development Location 82 Sensitive Land Protection 83 High Priority Site 84 Surrounding Density and Diverse Uses 84 Access to Quality Transit 86 Bicycle Facilities 86 Reduced Parking Footprint 88 Green Vehicles 89 Location and Transportation (LT) Triple Bottom Line 90 Location and Transportation (LT) Referenced Standards 91 Location and Transportation (LT) Related Synergies and Trade-offs 91 Location and Transportation (LT) Related Terms 91 Location and Transportation (LT) Chapter Recap 92 Location and Transportation (LT) Recommended Reference Links 95 Studio4 Project: LT Schematic Design Phase 96 CHAPTER | 6 101 The sustainable goals of the Sustainable Sites category addresses the development of and construction on the project site Sustainable Sites (SS) Sustainable Sites (SS) Credit Matrix 102 Sustainable Sites (SS) Overview 102 Sustainable Sites (SS) Category Goals & Objectives 103 Sustainable Sites (SS) Category Documentation/Cross-Cutting Issues 103 Sustainable Sites (SS) Strategies104 Site Assessment 104 Construction Activity Pollution Prevention 105 Environmental Site Assessment (Schools and Healthcare) 105 Site Development—Protect or Restore Habitat 106 Open Space 106 vi 101 Table of Contents Green Associate Study Guide | LEED v4 — First Edition Rainwater Management Light Pollution Reduction Site Master Plan (Schools only) Joint Use of Facilities (Schools only) Tenant Design and Construction Guidelines (Core and Shell only) Places of Respite and Direct Exterior Access (Healthcare only) Sustainable Sites (SS) Triple Bottom Line Sustainable Sites (SS) Referenced Standards Sustainable Sites (SS) Related Synergies and Trade-offs Sustainable Sites (SS) Related Terms Sustainable Sites (SS) Chapter Recap Sustainable Sites (SS) Chapter Recommended Reference Links Studio4 Project: SS Schematic Design Phase 107 111 114 114 115 115 116 117 117 117 118 121 122 CHAPTER | 7 127 The sustainable goals of the Water Efficiency category address the following areas: Indoor potable water reduction; outdoor potable water reduction; water efficiency as a teaching tool Water Efficiency (WE) 127 Water Efficiency (WE) Credit Matrix 128 Water Efficiency (WE) Overview 128 Water Efficiency (WE) Category Goals & Objectives 129 Water Efficiency (WE) Category Documentation/Cross-Cutting Issues 130 Water Efficiency (WE) Strategies130 Outdoor Water Use Reduction 130 Indoor Water Use Reduction 132 Fixture and Fitting Types 133 Cooling Tower Water Use 134 Metering Water Use 135 Water Efficiency (WE) Triple Bottom Line 137 Water Efficiency (WE) Referenced Standards 137 Water Efficiency (WE) Related Synergies and Trade-offs 138 Water Efficiency (WE) Related Terms 138 Water Efficiency (WE) Chapter Recap 139 Water Efficiency (WE) Recommended Reference Links 142 Studio4 Project: WE Schematic Design Phase 144 vii Table of Contents Green Associate Study Guide | LEED v4 — First Edition CHAPTER | 8 147 The sustainable goals of the Energy and Atmosphere category address the following areas: reducing energy demand; increasing energy efficiency; managing refrigerants; renewable energy; ongoing energy performance Energy and Atmosphere (EA) 147 Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Credit Matrix 148 Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Overview 148 Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Category Goals & Objectives 150 Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Category Documentation/Cross-Cutting Issues 150 Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Strategies 150 Designing the Building 150 Reducing Energy Demand 151 Passive and thermal design 151 Demand Response 151 Energy Audits, Assessments, and Monitoring 152 Increasing Energy Efficiency and Performance 154 Energy Simulation 154 Using Alternative Energy Sources 155 Renewable Energy Generation 156 Investing in Alternative Energy Sources 157 Managing Refrigerants 158 Ensuring Energy Efficiency and Ongoing Performance 160 Commissioning160 Metering Energy Use 162 Building-Level Energy Metering 162 Advanced Energy Metering 162 Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Referenced Standards 163 Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Related Synergies and Trade-offs 164 Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Related Terms 164 Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Chapter Recap 166 Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Recommended Reference Links 169 Studio4 Project: EA Schematic Design Phase 171 CHAPTER | 9 175 The sustainable goals of the Materials and Resources category address the following areas: sustainable construction and materials selection; waste management Materials and Resources (MR) Materials and Resources (MR) Credit Matrix Materials and Resources (MR) Overview The Stages of Waste Hierarchy viii 175 176 176 176 Table of Contents Green Associate Study Guide | LEED v4 — First Edition Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment 177 Materials and Resources (MR) Category Goals & Objectives 179 Materials and Resources (MR) Category Documentation/Cross-Cutting Issues 179 Materials and Resources (MR) Strategies179 Designing the Building 180 Material Sourcing 181 Defining Sustainable Products and Materials 181 Furniture and Medical Furnishings (Healthcare only) 183 Design for Flexibility (Healthcare only) 183 Sustainable Purchasing Policies and Plans 183 Toxic Source Reduction (Healthcare only) 185 Materials and Resources (MR) Triple Bottom Line 186 Materials and Resources (MR) Referenced Standards 187 Materials and Resources (MR) Related Synergies and Trade-offs 187 Materials and Resources (MR) Related Terms 187 Materials and Resources (MR) Chapter Recap 189 Materials and Resources (MR) Recommended Reference Links 192 Studio4 Project: MR Schematic Design Phase 193 CHAPTER | 10 197 The sustainable goals of the Indoor Environmental Quality category address the following areas: indoor air quality; thermal comfort, lighting and acoustics Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) 197 Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) Credit Matrix 198 Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) Overview 198 Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) Category Goals & Objectives 200 Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) Category Documentation/Cross-Cutting Issues 200 Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) Strategies 200 Designing the Building 201 Protecting the Building During Construction 201 Protecting the Building After Construction and Before Occupancy 201 Source Control 202 Low-Emitting Materials 202 Ventilation203 Occupant Comfort 204 Thermal204 Lighting205 Daylight206 Views206 Acoustics207 Occupant Comfort Survey 207 ix Table of Contents Green Associate Study Guide | LEED v4 — First Edition Green Cleaning and IPM Policies Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) Triple Bottom Line Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) Referenced Standards Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) Related Synergies and Trade-offs Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) Related Terms Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) Chapter Recap Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) Recommended Reference Links Studio4 Project: EQ Schematic Design Phase 207 207 208 208 209 210 214 215 CHAPTER | 11 219 The Innovation in Design credit category awards bonus points for projects that use new and innovative technologies and strategies to improve a building’s performance Innovation (IN) 219 Innovation (IN) Credit Matrix 220 Innovation (IN) Overview 220 Innovation (IN) Category Goals & Objectives 221 Innovation (IN) Category Documentation/Cross-Cutting Issues 221 Innovation Descriptions 221 Innovation221 Exemplary Performance 221 Innovation Strategies 221 Innovation (IN) Recommended Reference Links 222 Studio4 Project: IN Schematic Design Phase 223 CHAPTER | 12 225 USGBC has identified environmental concerns that are important for every region of the country and offers bonus points for credits that address those regional priorities Regional Priority (RP) Regional Priority (RP) Credit Matrix Regional Priority (RP) Overview Regional Priority (RP) Category Goals & Objectives Regional Priority (RP) Category Documentation/Cross-Cutting Issues Regional Priority (RP) Category Strategies Regional Priority (RP) Recommended Reference Links Studio4 Project: RP Schematic Design Phase x 225 226 226 226 226 226 226 227 Table of Contents Green Associate Study Guide | LEED v4 — First Edition CHAPTER | 13 231 For professionals who support green building design, construction, and operations, the LEED Green Associate credential denotes basic knowledge of green building principles and practices, and LEED LEED Green Associate Exam Exam Overview What you NEED to know What you SHOULD know General Codes IP Category LT Category SS Category WE Category EA Category MR Category EQ Category Exam Study Tips 231 232 232 232 232 234 234 235 236 237 238 240 241 CHAPTER | 14 243 Acronyms, abbreviations and definitions that may be unfamiliar or have specific meanings in the context of sustainability and green building Acronyms and Glossary of Terms Acronyms & Abbreviations Glossary of Terms Integrative Process (IP) Category Location and Transportation (LT) Category Sustainable Sites (SS) Category Water Efficiency (WE) Category Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Category Materials and Resources (MR) Category Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) Category 243 244 251 251 253 259 262 268 274 283 xi Table of Contents Green Associate Study Guide | LEED v4 — First Edition CHAPTER | 15 289 Additional resources, referenced and not referenced throughout this study guide Appendix289 Rating System Matrix: IP - EA Rating System Matrix: MR - RP Fundamental Commissioning and Verification Enhanced Commissioning Commissioning Activities (Cx) Commissioning Authority (CxA) Integrative Process (IP) Referenced Standards Location and Transportation (LT) Referenced Standards Sustainable Sites (SS) Chapter Referenced Standards Water Efficiency (WE) Referenced Standards Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Referenced Standards Materials and Resources (MR) Referenced Standards Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) Referenced Standards Integrative Process (IP) Related Synergies and Trade-offs Location and Transportation (LT) Related Synergies and Trade-offs Sustainable Sites (SS) Related Synergies and Trade-offs Water Efficiency (WE) Related Synergies and Trade-offs Energy and Atmosphere (EA) Related Synergies and Trade-offs Materials and Resources (MR) Related Synergies and Trade-offs Indoor Environmental Quality (EQ) Related Synergies and Trade-offs xii 290 291 292 294 296 297 298 299 300 302 303 305 309 314 315 316 319 320 322 324 The LEED Green Associate credential limits the scope of studies to a general, non-technical degree of knowledge with regard to the basic tenets of sustainability and green building design. CHAPTER | 1 Introduction »» Introduction »» About the Studio4 Study Guide »» The Studio4 Study Guide Format »» A Bit of Housekeeping »» A Bit of Study Advice »» Recommended Reference Links »» Commentaries: The Value of LEED »» Why Bother with LEED Certification? »» LEED vs. Green »» Integrated Design Process »» Green Trend Forecasting 1 Introduction About the Studio4 LEED Green Associate Study Guide The Studio4 LEED Green Associate Study Guide i...
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