MIDTERM FOR POLY SCI.docx - Cole DuBose POLS 1300 Prof...

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Cole DuBose POLS 1300 Prof: Robert Fitrakis Midterm paper: The War in Afghanistan The United States’ fundamental goal in Afghanistan is to dominate the region to deter terrorists from being able to station their organizations in the mountainous terrain. Unofficially, I believe that the United states had several ulterior motives when a conventional war in Afghanistan was conceived. I believe that the United States follows the ideology of “full spectrum dominance” outlined in the Joint Vision for 2020 document. This document outlines how the United States can improve itself militarily to continue to be the dominating force on the geopolitical stage. The United States’ naturally imperialistic tendencies, coupled with the its massive military industrial complex, influence the United States’ policy decisions, greatly. I do not believe that we have met the goal of deterring terrorism in the Middle East. In fact, I believe that the increase in troops creates more ‘blowback’ and further complicates U.S. foreign policy. The more havoc the U.S. wreaks in the region, the more we can expect forces like Al-Qaeda to become prevalent. Hypothetically, if the United States were invaded by a foreign nation, a large portion of Americans would take-up arms to defend themselves from the enemy. In a 2005 ABC new poll, 83% of Afghans held favorable views of the United States. As the occupation continued and more troops were brought to Afghanistan, subsequent ABC polls showed decreases of these favorable views of the United States to less than 50%. In order to have a successful occupation you need roughly 1 soldier per 40 civilians. Using this benchmark, nearly a quarter million western soldiers would be required in Afghanistan. The Soviet Union could not
achieve domination of this region with nearly a half million troops. This occupation is untenable and unwinnable. The region where the Pashtun people reside in Afghanistan and Pakistan is a very difficult area for the United States to police. The mountainous terrain and rural provinces have proven to be a logistical nightmare for western forces. Another issue that arises with the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan is that this border was drawn in the 19 th century to define the boundaries of the British Empire. The Pashtun people and the Taliban do not recognize this

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