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Running head: MULTICULTURALISM 1 Multiculturalism Name Institutional Affiliation
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MULTICULTURALISM 2 Multiculturalism Multiculturalism describes the existence of various cultural traditions within a single jurisdiction. Typically, jurisdiction is determined by considering the culture linked to a certain ethnic group. Multiculturalism manifests through various ways. Firstly, it can be through the creation or expansion of a jurisdiction through the amalgamation of regions with more than one distinct culture. Alternatively, multiculturalism might occur as a result of immigration from different jurisdictions around the globe. The ideologies and policies of multiculturalism vary widely (Prato, 2016). Multicultural is categorized into reinforcement of cultural diversity maintenance, promotion of equal respect to various cultures in the society, and administration of groups by the relevant authorities as stipulated by the group to which they belong. This background leads to a discussion on the difference of multiculturalism in practice and theory, the reason behind the numerous critiques of multiculturalism, the levels of understanding and acceptance of multiculturalism in Japan, as well as, its role in fostering the coexistence between the Japanese and non-Japanese populations. Several face-offs are exhibited when multiculturalism in theory and practice come into play. Firstly, multiculturalism is regarded as a response to social problems existing in an inclusive and diverse society. However, the current research attributes all the latter social problems to multiculturalism. Multiculturalism has been criticized for allowing excessive immigration without necessitating adequate integration (Kosherbayev et al., 2016). As a result, it has been linked to the prevalent destruction of social cohesion, national identity sabotage, and the intense decline in public trust. Additionally, multiculturalism has led to other political and social issues: working-class decline, identity, political frustration, and immigration. Different
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MULTICULTURALISM 3 nations continually employ various strategies to deal with these matters caused by multiculturalism. Secondly, the use of multiculturalism as a political tool has not only addressed diversity, but has also restricted it. The underlying assumption of the theory of multiculturalism is that the diversity of society ends at the corners of the minority community (Kosherbayev et al., 2016). However, this principle is impracticable. Consequently, the institutionalization of diversity is underway to aid in the management of the societal division caused by multiculturalism.
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