crusades.docx - Causes of crusades The crusades entailed a...

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Causes of crusades . The crusades entailed a sequence of holy wars which were started by Europe Christians states aimed against the Moslems who were also known as the Saracen during this time of the crusades. It began in 1095 in Europe when pope Claremont advocated or preached at the first crusade which was held at “the council of Claremont” His preaching resulted to thousands of people attaching on their garments the cross. The word (Crusade) meaning holy wars was delivered from ‘crois’ a French word which meant cross. The war was started by Christian’s nations with an aim of rescuing Palestine holy places from Mohammedans who were in possession of them. This resulted in a war between the Moslems and the Christians which was centered at Jerusalem city. This city was a significant place for the Christians since it was where the Pilgrims visited to commemorate the crucifixion and the burial of Christ. In 1065, the Turks took over Jerusalem and in the process, 3000 Christians were killed which resulted to the chain events of the first crusade. The main objective of this war was to set free the Holy Land which was in Jerusalem and specifically from the hands of the Saracens. However, this was extended to freeing Spain from the hands of the Moors as well as the Pagans and slaves from Eastern Europe. The first crusade lasted between 1095 and 1099. It led to the establishment of the Latin kingdom which provided more space and land to harbor the crusading knights who used to regularly visit the holy statue or Sepulchre as well as trying their fortunes. The main cause of this war was the killing of 3000 Christians which took place in Jerusalem. The attack angered the Christians and they vowed to retaliate by fighting back. During the massacre, their churches which were located in Jerusalem were also turned into stables or destroyed. It was when Christians realized that their city was under siege. After “the council of Clermont”, what followed was a series of religious excitement. Preachers
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from all over who were popular started the slogan of “God wills it!” and requested or urged their followers to begin from Jerusalem with the slogan. Peter the Hermit who was a monk on his side influence a large number of followers in France as he moved from one town to another preaching to the gathered crowds and with him carrying a huge cross. Peter the Hermit could conduct the preaching without waiting for the nobles since the crowds composed more of children and women. Religious conviction was the other cause of these crusades. The Holy Sepulchre was to be protected at all cost. There was also the need to secure and rescue the holy land of Jerusalem which the Moslems have taken charge of. This is the driving force that made the pilgrim turn into warriors. This was the sentiment which propelled Christians into their profound depths so as to protect their religion. Instincts to fight also caused the crusades in
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