APUSH: Imperialialism, Progressivism, and WWI - APUSH Study...

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APUSH Study Guide: Imperialism, Progressivism, and WWI I can evaluate social, political, and economic motivations behind American overseas imperialism. Reasons for: Frederick Jackson Turner: Believes the nation has become the democracy that it is because of its ability to expand westward, but now, there is no unclaimed land in the Americas Author of the Significance of the Frontier in American History in 1893. He mentions that the western frontier had offered new starts, been a place for the poor to escape, or for the overpopulated to come, therefore keeping away tension. The west was a “safety valve,” and to keep the frontier spirit, expansion and imperialism outside the borders is needed Completion of Westward Expansion 3 phases of expansion Mining: 1st large scale white settlements forming mining camps, people had moved to the California gold rush in 1849, develop into boom towns Boomtowns: Reno, Nevada with the Comstock Lode with silver Rockies, CO with silver Ranching: There is a short period of the “Long Drive,” where Mexicans or freedmen would labor as cowboys for ranchers, in transporting cattle to the railroads Beef becomes prominent in the diet Farming: Homesteaders under the Homestead Act of 1862--Those who move west get 160 acres of land, after five years it is theirs Many provided with poor land, socially isolated, had to default to tenant farming or move back when corporate culture enters Natives US Department of the Interior set up a reservation system Native culture declines with new technology Buffalo are attacked for hunting pelts and bone fertilizers and to weaken fighting natives Indian Battles Wounded Knee 1890, South Dakota: The Sioux ghost dancers worried reservation watchers so they killed Sitting Bull, the leader, and tried disarming natives, 300 killed Sand Creek Massacre 1864, Colorado: After the Cheyenne surrender their land to the US, John Chivington and his drunk men kill/exploit native women and children without
reason Little Big Horn, the Dakotas: Gold is found in Indian territory, American Custer tries fighting for land, but Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse win Efforts to Reform Helen Hunt Jackson writes a Century of Dishonor, where she lists all native treaties broken by the US Dawes Act 1887: An attempt to fix the ethnocentric issues with the Natives by giving 160 acres and farming equipment to the head of every Indian household-- attempt to assimilate the Natives-- fails as most of their land is stolen or sold by 1895 In the Oklahoma Land Rush, the Dawes Act was open to settlement, boomers made land claims and sooners cheated and got the land early Educating Children Causes: Business interests: need more resources to expand markets overseas, support the Robber Barons, need to export excess production The Panic of 1893, caused by overproduction brought lavor violence and agrarian unrest that would be solved with market expansion

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