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Begin317 - Groups Organizations Characteristics and...

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Groups & Organizations: 3/17/2008 Characteristics and Dynamics, by theory. Functionalist: Group meets needs. Instrumental: cooperation to fulfill specific goal. Expressive needs: emotional, support, self-expression Conflict theorists: Groups involve power relationships. Symbolic Interactions Formal Organizations Definition: highly structured secondary groups formed for purpose of achieving goals in the most efficient manner. Classifications: -Normative: voluntary -Coercive: not joined voluntarily -Utilitarian: voluntary if joined to achieve material goal (school/job) Main goal is to achieve goal in most efficient manner. What is domination? Definition: form of power Power: one can carry out their own wishes even with resistance from others Most western societies are considered “legal” dominations. Charismatic Domination: people obey/submit ot leader based on charisma. People WANT to follow that leader. Followers are chosen based on their devotion to leader. Nonsystematic selection, hierarchy, and retention. Weberian Bureaucracy Keys on efficiency and rationalization. Problems with Bureaucracy -Dehumanizing (treats indiiduals as “cases”) -Inefficiency & Rigidity (goal displacement/tons and tons of paperwork)
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-Inertia (resistance to change) Despite these problems they are still in great use and will be in use for a long while to come.
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