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2007.11.05 - Reconstruction

2007.11.05 - Reconstruction - RECONSTRUCT ION H istory 150...

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Unformatted text preview: [ RECONSTRUCT ION ] H istory 150 · Discussion 304 · Hughes November 5, 2007 T H E W A R ’ S E N D S H A P ES T H E P EAC E- War of attrition in East, 1864-1865- the Union suffers defeats at Chancellorsville- by sheer weight of numbers, presses Confederate army towards Richmond- the battles hear are astounding in their slowness and bloodiness- Cold Harbor; Sieges of Richmond & Petersburg- at Cold Harbor, Grant throws thousands and thousands of men at Confederate lines- 5,000 casualties an hour- renders the war very unpopular in the North- this raises questions of Lincoln’s re-election in the fall of 1864- Grant can’t get into Richmond, so he goes around Richmond, to Petersburg- he wants to cut off the railroad connections in Richmond- Richmond can’t survive without the supply line- Western armies turn east, 1863+- Under William Tecumseh Sherman, they are able to turn east- pretty much lays siege to Atlanta- taking Atlanta basically cuts the Confederacy in half- it isolates Tennessee, Alabama, Confederate Louisiana- March to the Sea- Lincoln is re-elected, and Sherman starts his march to the sea- Sherman’s army is about 30 miles wide, marching to the Atlantic, then North to Virginia- Sherman’s army lays waste to the land- they all live off of the land, Sherman cut himself off of the supply line- Appomattox, April 9 th , 1865- Robert E. Lee’s army surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse- The Sherman Reservations – Field Order 15- Sherman, passing through Georgia, acquires a bunch of men (Freemen)- as soon as the Union passes through, the slaves are free, and they follow the army- Sherman doesn’t like the idea of having thousands of followers- Sherman asks the black leaders what it would take to keep the freedmen on...
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2007.11.05 - Reconstruction - RECONSTRUCT ION H istory 150...

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