HUL 231 Summer course term paper.docx

HUL 231 Summer course term paper.docx - HUL 231 term paper...

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HUL 231 term paper Submitted by Raghav Kumar 2012BB50033 Date 1 8 /07/2018 "How the experience of being dalit is presented, explored and analysed through literature." Dalits have remained at the margin of society. They have been facing social discrimination from the time when our society got entrenched with caste system. The representation of dalit has been dismal across spectrum. The main reason for their exclusion was their deprivation from the education system of India. They have systematically marginalized from all the public roles. They were debarred from taking up any other activities other than menial works. They have been out-casted from the society. As a result the dalit community lacked intellectual capital to represent their experienced and stories in the literature. In the ancient times the Religious reform movements like Buddhist movement, Jain movement, Sikhism and Bhakti movement etc. tried to bring them at par with o0ther communities but they could not succeed much due to rigid social hierarchy. In the late 18 th century, many socio- cultural reform movement took up the cause of Dalits. They used the regional languages like Marathi, Hindi, Tamil etc. to propagate the experiences of the dalit community. Leaders like Phule, Ambedkar used their literary skills to make a strong point for the change. They succeeded to some extent through their protest and their value to the education. They worked hard to write the experience and exposure of Dalits through their stories, poems, magazines, books etc. Many of the modern sociologists and historians tried to put their narrative to awaken the consciousness of the people. But they could not succeed much in transforming their life. Dalit in many parts of India continue to suffer at the hands of Upper castes. Some the famous writers, thinkers and journalist made it their agenda of their life to bring out the real issues concerning Dalits. But still they lacked intellectual supports. For example, Media do tokenism by not taking up the real problems faced by Dalits. They lack enough space on their sets due to stiff competition for TRP. Many media houses are controlled by upper castes so they don’t let Dalit issue to become the mainstream news due to their vested interests. Many left and communist and socialist movement took up their cause. They also supported them through their writing, newspaper, journals etc. Some of thier works have been quoted below Many poems have highlighted different kinds of sufferings faced by the dalit communities across India but they seems to be just sympathetic to dalits. For example, the poem, entitled “Achut ki Aah” (The Sigh of an Untouchable), narrates the sad story of a dalit in which they were denied entry into a temple and this led to their hear being broken. Such narratives try to weaken the position of dalits by making them mute observer of social discriminations. Such portrayals of Dalits as mute and pathetic characters, unable to act or speak about their oppression, are characteristic of high-caste Indian writers
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They portray Dalits as tragic figures and objects of pity, incapable of talking back or feeling enraged.
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