comunidade de fala e prática 2.pdf

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A IDENTIDADE LINGÜÍSTICA DA COMUNIDADE DE FALA: PARALELISMO INTERDIALETAL NOS PADRÕES DE VARIAÇÃO LINGÜÍSTICA Gregory R. Guy RESUMO: The basic sociolinguistic model for relationships between idiolects and dialects is the speech community, defined by shared linguistic features and attitudes and relatively high internal density of communication. Since these definitions are relative, speech communities can nest and overlap, so that local subdialects, sociolects, ethnic lects, and personal networks can form smaller speech communities that share local traits and are locally high in communication density, while still belonging to a broader speech community which shares wider traits, and whose internal communication density is high, relative to, say, other geographic regions. In variation studies, it has long been assumed that some of the shared linguistic traits that define a community are certain constraints on variable processes. The conceptual problem that arises with this model is, how far are constraints shared, and how much can they differ? If some constraint was due, for example, to a universal process, then it would be expected to be shared by all speakers of all speech communities, while at the other extreme, the existence of idiosyncratic differences in language usage raises the possibility that at least some constraints may differ for each individual. This paper takes a cross-dialectal comparative approach. Two variable processes are studied in four communities drawn from the VARSUL corpus, each with distinctive ethnic and sociolinguistic characteristics. A socially diversified sample of 8-12 speakers is investigated in each community. The variables investigated include one syntactic process (noun phrase Agreement, NPA) and one phonological process (final -s deletion, SDEL). The constraints on NPA are mainly morphosyntactic in nature while the constraints on SDEL are straightforwardly phonological. In each case, the constraint effects are broadly similar across communities and speakers. Between- speaker differences within communities are mainly the result of either statistical noise (smaller sample sizes lead to larger differences), or of predictable social differentiation (e.g. speakers with less formal education use more of the Gregory R. Guy é professor na York University e na New York University. Artigo traduzido por Leonardo Z. Maya (bolsista voluntário de Iniciação Científica 98-2000)
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18 nonstandard variants.) And, strikingly, the main constraint effects are highly consistent across the different communities. The results generally lend support to the model of Cedergren & Sankoff (1974), that "performance is a statistical reflection of competence", and competence, here dealing with the knowledge of what varies where, is powerfully shared across a language community.
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  • Fall '19
  • Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Fonología, Substantivo, Sufixo

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