Module 2.docx - Readings Module 2 Topics 1-3 Caste Jati and...

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Readings Module 2: Topics 1-3: Caste, Jati and the Politics of Social Justice Bayly – Cast Society Politics 1) Themes and Approaches - 1850s – Present - Caste in india is debated like race in USA - Ghandi vs. B.R. Ambedkar (on untouchables) 2) Issues and Premises - Caste system has been an active part of Indian life - Bengal, Punjab, Northwest, and Central Deccan Plain only held limited caste importance in regard to corporate / individual lifestyles - The case as we now recognize it has been engendered shaped and perpetuated by comparatively recent political and social developments - British Used and Manipulated castes – expanding, sharpening norms and conventions, building manifestations of caste language and ideology into structures of authoritative government - The representative government served to enhance the importance of case affinities in the political arena – caste has been an effective too and recourse for the creation of common interests across the boundaries of region, language, faith and economic status. - Utilization of caste to gain extraordinary recourses in uncertain times, which can exclude, disempower, and subjugate through caste identity differences - Interdisciplinary perspectives: anthropologic, and historically: i. Why caste has so evidently mattered to so many Indians ii. Why it has aroused so much debate iii. Why its norms have been so widely acted on in many areas of economic political and religious life - ‘Caste as a System’ – establishment of the development through British - Corporate Affiliation: i. Jati: birth Group (thousands) ii. Varna: order, class or kind a. Four Divisions 1. Brahmans 2. Kshatriyas 3. Vaishyas 4. Shudras iii. Neither Now nor in the past centuries would an individual claiming Brahman parentage have been obligated to follow a priestly or preceptoral livelihood – if he didn't many believed the caste developments of ones life role - Above all, the concept of caste has come to imply both boundaries and collective or corporate rank - Hierarchical rankings may be too high or low caste – innate quality or essence 3) Aequalis or Hierarchicus - Writers/Theorists: Dumont, Mines, Dirks, Reheja
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Jensenius – Development from Representation (Study of Quotas of Indian Castes) - explore the impact of SC reservations on development patterns at the state assembly constituency level both at changes to the overall level of development, and the distribution of resources between SCs and others. Over 30 Years of data show now detectable constituency level effect of employment patterns. - quotas in India have broken social boundaries by bringing marginalized groups into positions of power and have lifted a small segment of that community into the social elite. They have also significantly altered the perception of SCs in society, and have made voters more positive to SCs as politicians - the no-impact findings at the constituency level in this paper do not in any way preclude that the shrinking gap between SCs and others is the result of an overall equilibrium effect of SCs holding many positions of power.
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