GEOG 108 Possible Midterm Questions.docx

GEOG 108 Possible Midterm Questions.docx - GEOG 108 –...

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GEOG 108 – Possible Midterm Questions: Chapter 1 Questions: 1. What is physical geography? a. Geography is the study of natural and human constructed phenomena relative to a spatial dimension, and physical geography is a sub-field of geography 2. How has geography evolved over time? Give examples of some of the most influential people a. Geography was originally used to map the features and places of new lands, and then Aristotle theorized that the earth was round, and Eratosthenes calculated the circumference of the earth, and Ptolemy developed concepts of latitude and longitude. Geography grew in the early centuries in the Middle East who mapped most of Asia, and in the renaissance there was an increase in exploration. Geography continued to grow into the 150s but stalled out when there was a lack of new geographic knowledge and absorption 3. What is the quantitative revolution? a. This was the approach to geography through the use of quantitative methods through the scientific process (deductive reasoning, hypothesis testing, model building, and experiments) 4. What is systems theory? a. Systems theory is a model of nature and a method used to study and understand natural things; a system is a group of parts that work together through a kind of process; made up of three properties: elements (things or parts making up the system), attributes (the characteristics of an element that can be recognized and measured), and relationships (the cause and effect relationships that exist amongst elements and their attributes) b. There are three different types of systems: isolated system (is a system that does not have connections extending outside its boundary), a closed system (does not allow matter to cross its boundary but does allow energy to cross), and open systems (have both matter and energy crossing its boundary) 5. What four academic traditions did Pattison suggest about modern geography? a. Spatial tradition is the investigation of the phenomena of geography from a strictly spatial perspective b. Human-land tradition – the geographical study of human interaction with the environment c. Area studies tradition – the geographical study of an area on the earth at either the local, regional, national, or global scale d. Earth science tradition – the study of the natural phenomena from a spatial perspective. This tradition is best described as theoretical physical geography 6. Compare and contrast physical and human geography. a. Physical geography focuses on rocks and minerals, landforms, soils, animals, plants, water, the atmosphere, rivers and other water bodies, the environment, climate and weather and oceans. Human geography focuses on population, settlements, economic activities, transportation, recreational activities, religion, political systems, social traditions, human migration, agricultural systems and urban systems 7. What is the holistic nature of geography?
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a. The holistic nature of geography is the integration at all subject matter of geography,
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