Sociology.docx

Sociology.docx - Tuesday Sociology Study Of Society Lecture...

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Tuesday, September 29, 2015 Sociology Study Of Society Lecture Rule: Don’t believe what I say. Don’t disbelieve it either. Objective of this course: 1. To learn to think “sociologically” to see how human behavior can be explained in terms of the needs of social groups 2. To present factual information about society Methods of Research: 1. Observation - we look 2. Survey - we ask 3. Document analysis - we read 4. Experiments - we manipulate Incest Taboo: man + woman, boy & girl - Why? Sociologist say: “it upholds the structural integrity of a family as a group” Ethnomethodology is the study of how people repair social order after it has been broken or disturbed. Founder: Harold Garfinkel Tic-tac-toe experiment ——> gender interactions (F-M: female hitting on a male)
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Thursday, October 1, 2015 Difficulties in Doing Soc. Research: 1. Reactivity 2. Ethical Issues: rights of the people (privacy) Erving Goffman - Laud Humphrey- social composition: education level, race, age, religious belief, occupation, marital status 1. Deviance: breaking the rules of social order (having sex in the bathroom, rolling stop) 2. Power A. It’s difficult to study powerful people (gatekeeper protects the “powerful”) B. The powerful can hire intellectuals to construct ideologies (systems of ideas) that justify the rule of the powerful and that hide injustices. (weapons of mass destruction) 2
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Tuesday, October 6, 2015 Culture and Personality - Culture: shared ways of doing things ° Made up of values and norms (rules) - Personality: your tendencies to think, behave, and feel in certain culturally approved ways Two links between culture and personality: 1. Culture determines you (culturally induced) 2. Culture is a human product - Norms: folkways (professor/teacher not wearing tie) - Mores: rules to not violate, doesn't gave to be illegal (cross dressing) - Taboo: supreme rules never to violate (ex: cannibalism) Dominant culture: WASP (White Anglo-Saxon Protestant[Puritan]) Subcultures: region, age, ethnicity, gender, religion 3
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Thursday, October 8, 2015 Culture and Personality Khomeini - kidnaps mostly white people (hostage) and releases them when paid a ransom George Washington -
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