Week2 Lecture1.pdf - Comparison of Definitions Health...

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Comparison of Definitions Health Disparities Health Inequities Health Equity SDOH Differences in the incidence and prevalence of health conditions and health status between groups based on: Race/ethnicity Socioeconomic status Sexual orientation Gender Disability status Geographic location Combination of these Systematic and unjust distribution of social, economic, and environmental conditions needed for health. Unequal access to quality education, healthcare, housing, transportation, other resources (e.g., grocery stores, car seats) Unequal employment opportunities and pay/income Discrimination based upon social status/other factors The opportunity for everyone to attain his or her full health potential. No one is disadvantaged from achieving this potential because of his or her social position or other socially determined circumstance. Equal access to quality education, healthcare, housing, transportation, other resources Equitable pay/income Equal opportunity for employment Absence of discrimination based upon social status/other factors Life-enhancing resources whose distribution across populations effectively determines length and quality of life. Food supply Housing Economic relationships Social relationships Transportation Education Health Care
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Health inequality versus social inequality in health Health inequality : the overall distribution of health Consider only health indicator variables (no equity stratifiers)---disease and disorders Social inequality : health inequalities between social groups Indicate situations of inequity, where differences between social groups are unjust or unfair
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Social Determinants/Health and Social Populations 1.Social determinants contribute to health inequalities between social groups. Social groupings are not equal -male vs females -old vs young -racial/ethnic minorities vs non - minorities
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