Aleigha GutierrezSocial Responsibility Essay1.How did fear of the Soviet Union and Communism affect American culture and society in the 1940’s and 50’s (the early Cold War era)? Please provide examples. (200 word minimum)As cold war tensions mounted, the US became gripped by a Red Scare. Many feared that communists were infiltrating the country, attempting to destroy the American way of life. U.S. policy toward Communism at the close of World War II centered on containment. This policy led Americans to view Communism as a serious problem that had to be kept in check on distant shores. But in late 1945, a Russian clerk defecting from the Soviet Embassy in Canada provided documents revealing an aggressive campaign by the Soviets to infiltrate the Canadian and U.S. governments. Americans were shocked, and many suspected Communist agents already were working within the government. The 1948 perjury conviction of former diplomat Alger Hiss, who was accused of selling government secrets to the Soviets, and the 1953 execution of New York couple Julius and Ethel Rosenberg on grounds of espionage heightened Americans' fears.