studyguide2 - The three pillars of liberalism-...

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The three pillars of liberalism - International Organizations, Democracy, Economic Interdependence, An International System Organized Around these 3 Pillars Can Yield a Global Society in Which War is Rare. An example is the millennium declaration; the three freedoms (freedom from fear, freedom to live in dignity, freedom from want). Economic interdependence: international trade and investment deepens economic interdependence. Economic interdependence redefines interests: too busy making money to fight, war too costly in economic disruption. Greater economic interdependence means less war. Liberalism’s three pillars support a stable order. A global society emerges from a dense network of Economic relationships among democratic government that interact within a heavily institutionalized international system. This global society makes war less likely o Fewer reasons to fight o High costs of fighting o Alternative means for collective choice When these pillars are absent, order collapses into disorder. Prisoner’s Dilemma - The prisoners’ dilemma is a specific example of the “security” dilemma between two prisoners where they both have two options and thus four possible outcomes. In politics, a rise in tension between two states may result in both nations contemplating whether to increase security or not. Each nation would rank the possible outcomes from best to worst and always choose there best possible outcome and a dominant approach to the dilemma. Therefore, rather than gaining the best outcome, or even the second best where neither nation would increase security, they would end up with the third best outcome, called the Nash Equilibrium . This decision is factored by the lack of trust between governments and anarchy in the international political system. The prisoners’ dilemma is illustrated by the conflict between the Palestinians and Israelis . Both of these groups of people do not trust the other at all and because they cannot feel secure with only a consequence-free commitment, they result to the security dilemma. An example is the cold war and disarmament between the US and USSR. Collective security - Collective security is a way of deterring war used by international organizations. The perfect theory of collective security involves all nations committing to resist aggression by any against any at any time and following through with their commitment. The result of this would be no aggressor would jump into war due to the extreme consequences they would face. Collective security can be undone by the free rider problem though, where nations would reap the benefits of a peaceful political atmosphere but then not act on their commitment to resist aggression. This idea is liberalism’s solution to the unwanted conflicts caused by the security dilemma. The goal of collective security is to reduce insecurity by inserting a 3 rd party to defend each against the other, once the environment is secure, disarm each party and then
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course POLI 150 taught by Professor Mosley during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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studyguide2 - The three pillars of liberalism-...

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