Native Americans and the United StatesA CLASH OF CULTURES ON THE PRAIRIE
Standard and Questions•A.2.7 Reviewthe Native American experience. •KEY QUESTIONS:•What and why did the Native Americans face difficulties during the 19thcentury?•What is the reservation system and describe the impact on Native American culture?
1. The Culture of the Plains IndiansA. Life on the Plainsi.Great Plains—grasslands in west-central portion of the U.S.ii.East: hunting, farming villages; West: nomadic hunting, gathering
B. The Horse and the Buffaloi.Horses, guns lead most Plains tribes to nomadic life by mid-1700sii.Trespassing others’ hunting lands causes wariii.Buffalo is essential:- worship without formal ministers- meat used for jerky, pemmican
C. Family Lifei.Form family groups with ties to other bands that speak same languageii.Men are hunters, warriors; women butcher meat, prepare hidesiii.Believe in powerful spirits that control natural worldiv.Children learn through myths, stories, games, examplev.Communal life; leaders rule by counsel
2. Clash of Cultures; Settlers Push Westward
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Native Americans in the United States, Sitting Bull