Unformatted text preview: Anabolic Steroids & Drug Abuse in Sports Historic Timeline
1886 1st recorded drug-related death in sports 1930s used as Tx for anemia & muscle deterioration 1945 used to revive survivors of concentration camps 1956 widespread accusations of use at Olympics 1968 Intl. Olympic Committee implements testing 1974 E. Germany institutes State Plan 14.25 1988 Ben Johnson stripped of gold medal 1988 7% of high school senior boys used steroids 1990 Congress passes Anabolic Steroids Control Act 1998 Powered by andro, Mark McGwire hits 70 HRs 1999 World Anti-Doping Agency formed 2000 non-doping clause added to Olympic oath Anabolic steroids are ...
... ... Ergogenic: enhances athletic performance Androgenic: masuclinizing * Androgens: naturally occurring male hormones ... Anabolic: tissue-building Therefore ... Anabolic steroids are androgen-like drugs that can increase muscle mass and strength Not to be confused with adrenocortical steroids Anabolic Steroids Schedule III classification Oral, intravenous, transdermal Approved for treating specific types of anemia, osteoporosis, breast cancer, & endometriosis. Abusers use doses 10-200x greater than those used by physicians for legitimate medical Tx Motivation is to affect how you look, not how you feel Gym Talk Doping use of performance-enhancing durgs to increase athletic ability Stacking using multiple steroids at the same time Shotgunning consuming any steroid available Cycling taking multiple doses over a period of time, stopping for a time, then starting again Pyramiding gradually increasing the amount of steroids taken, then tapering off as event nears Plateauing development of tolerance to a steroid Demographic Use Males more likely to abuse steroids than females Young women fastest growing population of steroid users Abuse often begins in high school Rates of abuse often vary by sport, used more in sports in which body mass is valued Anonymous high school senior. "The majority now are guys that don't do it for sports. They do it for girls. They do it for looks." Side Effects "Roid rage" tumors & cancer dependence "Bacne" Liver injury to tendons / ligaments dependence and withdrawal effects Psychological Physiological symptoms Cardiovascular Heart grows increased blood pressure increase in bad cholesterol decrease in good Effects in Special Populations
Adolescents Diminished ability to produce serotonin Stunted growth Effects On Men
*Testicular atrophy Enlarged prostate Gynecomastia Infertility Impotence Priapism Baldness Effects on Women *Deepening of voice *Excessive body & facial hair of clitoris shrinkage of menstrual *Enlargement *Breast *Male pattern baldness cycle Cessation Other Ergogenic Substances
Tetrahydorgestrinone (THG) Androstenedione (Andro Human growth hormone (hGH) Creatine Ephedra Drug Testing 1. Blood sampling Saliva sampling Urine sampling
Enzyme immunoassay (EIA) Gas chromatography & mass spectrometry (GC/MS) 2. Drug Testing
Issues in drug testing Measures ratio of testosterone to epitesterone Sensitivity: how much of banned substance needs to be in body fluids to be detected? (masking agents) Specificity: how likely is a false positive (poppy seeds, cipro, advil/ motrin Privacy The End
Tobin, Roger (in press). On the potential of a chemical Bonds: Possible effects of steroids on home run production in baseball. American Journal of Physics. "Over 120 arrests made in steroid investigations." Iowa State Daily, retrieved 9/25/07 from World Anti-Doping Agency http://www.wada-ama.org/en/ Steroid Prevention Programs: http://www.ohsu.edu/hpsm/atlas.cfm http://www.ohsu.edu/hpsm/athena.cfm http://media.www.iowastatedaily.com/media/storage/paper818/news/2007/09/25/AssociatedPress/Over-120.Arrests.Made.In.Steroid.Investigations-298 ...
View Full Document
- Spring '08
- anabolic steroids, Anabolic steroid, World Anti-Doping Agency, Anabolic Steroids Control