Wilfred Edward Salter Owen (1893 - 1918) Anthem to a Doomed Youth, .•Wilfred Edward Salter Owen born in Oswestry, Welsh border of Shropshire.•unpaid lay assistant toa Vicar to see if he was to be a clergyman became disillusioned w Church of England.•Worked in France as language teacher drinking wine. Here he heard the canon fire.•People like Rudyard Kipling encourage young men to sign up.•1915 he signed up. He wanted to save the language of Keats and Shakespeare.•Sound of machine gun stayed with him all the time, used sound in poetry.•expressed annoyance w all women except his mother & attraction to other men.•When he arrived in Somme, life expectancy calculated in days.•Trench Warfare: a fighting system where they lived, ate & slept.•Water/Mud got in everywhere “Trench foot”: wrote f socks.•12thJanuary 1917 occurred the march & attack of poison gas later reported in “Dulce et Decorum Est.”•thrown in the air & landed amongst the remains of his friend ‘Cock Robin’ gave him shell shock f Aug. 1917-Sept. 1918 Craiglockhart Hospital in Edinburgh. Here some of the best British WWI poetry was composed (nearly all of his poems).•Met Sassoon (all that Owen wanted to be). •S. helped him. S. believed Owen’s poetry worth publishing.•Now kept in British Library’s secure vaults under Huston Road w fx Magna Carta, Manuscripts of Dickens & Austen.•Here: ‘Anthem f D Youth’ Clear that S. helped him transform his language. Out w the flowery words & in w Brutal simple language. The poems developed w S.’s help.•Anthem of Doomed youth: One of the first poems where the influence of Sassoon is seen. Owen lets S. decide fx btw MONSTROUSanger of the guns or SOLEMNanger of the guns. Sassoon has deleted ‘solemn’. •Originally called ‘Anthem for DEATH youth’ Sassoon changed it!! His handwritingwrote DOOMED.•Spring 1918: looked forward to writing a new book: “I am not concerned w poetry but the subject of war. The poetry is in the pity’. His poems showed intense passion, anger & pity’. •His voice survived the war. A new vocabulary of war. •Many believed at start of war it was right to die for you country. Fx Rupert Brook: “If I should die, think …” Brooke’s word: still recited at military funerals. BUT Owen’s word are f soldiers in combat.Speaks a soldier’s tongue. His poems: Reaction to fx “Jerusalem” (Blake).