MIAMI UNIVERSITY HISTORY 112 SURVEY OF AMERICAN HISTORY March 26, 2008 THE ANTI-COMMUNIST CRUSADE Val Lorwin’s Story Questions to Consider • Why Was There Such Fear of Communism? • Why Was There Fear of Communist Subversion within the United States? • How Did Actions of the Truman Administration Contribute to the Climate of Fear? • How Did Joseph McCarthy Fit into the Anti-Communist Crusade? Cold War Fears • Suspicion of the Soviet Union • Fear of the Communist Party o The CP in America There were communist parties at universities such as Harvard and Yale In 1945 and 1946 70% of the us believed we could work with the Soviet Union Never very big Many who joined joined as solely as an economic alternative. o Fear of Foreign Influence The Truman Loyalty Program • The Rhetoric of Politics o Truman made a deal to scare the hell out of Americans about communism o “All the things that we believe in are in great danger” • The Temporary Commission (1946) o Lead to the federal employee loyalty program the next year
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