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DEVELOPMENT OF ADOLESCENTS - Adolescent Development 1...

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Adolescent Development DEVELOPMENT OF ADOLESCENTS Development of Adolescents Midlands Technical College Nursing 163 October 19, 2006 1
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Adolescent Development Development of Adolescents Adolescence is a period between puberty and adulthood and is one of the most critical and complex transitions in the life span of human development. The adolescent experiences a series of changes in various aspects of growth parallel to the infancy period. Besides the physical, they also go through cognitive, emotional, psychosocial, and interpersonal changes. It is crucial that the adolescent learn how to perform various developmental tasks. These tasks consist of: becoming mature physically and sexually, acquiring skills needed to fulfill adult roles, gaining increased autonomy from parents, and realigning social ties with members of the same and the opposite gender alike (Murray & Zetner, 2001). Physical growth is accelerated and asymmetrical, occurring in spurts, and is approximately two years earlier in females than males. There are many changes in appearance and four distinct physical characteristics that define puberty for most adolescents. Females experience height spurts, menstruation, breast development, and growth of pubic and underarm hair. Males experience height spurts, penile and testicular development, as well as growth of pubic, facial, underarm and chest hair. There are also changes in their musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system, urinary system, gastrointestinal system, special sense organs, and skin texture (Murray & Zetner, 2000).
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