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1A Stepwise Approach to Asthma Treatment and ManagementTracy NewmanWalden UniversityNURS 6521-C Advanced PharmacologyJune 23, 2019
2A Stepwise Approach to Asthma Treatment and ManagementAsthma is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the narrowing or restriction of airwaypassages which cause hyperresponsive changes in the functioning of the airways. In the UnitedStates, roughly 25.7 million individuals have asthma, 9.5% for kids from 0 to 17 and 7.7% inadults from 18 + years, according to Moorman et al. (2012). These conditions can influence boththe upper as well as lower respiratory tract, thus causing a problem in the respiratory breathingprocess for the individual. This can lead to an acute episode of exacerbation and the need forimmediate emergency medical intervention. Unfortunately, there is no known cure for asthma.Therefore, long-term techniques can be introduced to prevent future exacerbations, once an acuteinflammation has been adequately controlled. Asthma is a disease often frequently linked withallergic triggers; however, effective management and treatment are essential. This document willfocus on both fast relief and long-term pharmacological techniques used to stabilize and treatasthma. The role of the stepwise approach in the management process will also be explained andintroduced.Quick Relief Treatment OptionsAsthma, a respiratory condition, often exacerbated by triggers that activate an inflammatoryresponse within the body. Symptoms include upper respiratory tract infections, allergens,exercise-induced, climate changes, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), laughter, stress,inhalation exposure to irritants (e.g., smoke, fumes from vehicle exhaust and other strongsmells), and sulfites exposure (Arcangelo et al., 2017). Many of these acute exacerbationsrequire immediate medical attention. Advanced practice nurses must employ rapid relief