1 A Stepwise Approach to Asthma Treatment and Management Tracy Newman Walden University NURS 6521-C Advanced Pharmacology June 23, 2019
2 A Stepwise Approach to Asthma Treatment and Management Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the narrowing or restriction of airway passages which cause hyperresponsive changes in the functioning of the airways. In the United States, roughly 25.7 million individuals have asthma, 9.5% for kids from 0 to 17 and 7.7% in adults from 18 + years, according to Moorman et al. (2012). These conditions can influence both the upper as well as lower respiratory tract, thus causing a problem in the respiratory breathing process for the individual. This can lead to an acute episode of exacerbation and the need for immediate emergency medical intervention. Unfortunately, there is no known cure for asthma. Therefore, long-term techniques can be introduced to prevent future exacerbations, once an acute inflammation has been adequately controlled. Asthma is a disease often frequently linked with allergic triggers; however, effective management and treatment are essential. This document will focus on both fast relief and long-term pharmacological techniques used to stabilize and treat asthma. The role of the stepwise approach in the management process will also be explained and introduced. Quick Relief Treatment Options Asthma, a respiratory condition, often exacerbated by triggers that activate an inflammatory response within the body. Symptoms include upper respiratory tract infections, allergens, exercise-induced, climate changes, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), laughter, stress, inhalation exposure to irritants (e.g., smoke, fumes from vehicle exhaust and other strong smells), and sulfites exposure (Arcangelo et al., 2017). Many of these acute exacerbations require immediate medical attention. Advanced practice nurses must employ rapid relief
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