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E-ISSN 2281-4612 ISSN 2281-3993 Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies MCSER Publishing, Rome-Italy Vol 5 No 1 March 2016 133 The Role of Human Resource Information System (HRIS) in Organizations: A Review of Literature Halil Buzkan EpokaUniversity, Tirana,Albania; [email protected] Doi:10.5901/ajis.2016.v5n1p133 Abstract The information systems (IS) are becoming very important for the organizations. Therefore over the last decade’s wise companies started to become aware of those technologies and they tend to use it for their competitive advantage. The human resource information systems (HRIS) as a function of IS are also become inevitable for organization, because they know that their human resources (HR) are one of the most important factor in their success, therefore to implement a human resource information system in their human resources will help the organizations reach their goals easily. In this study a literature review related to HRIS is done and it is revealed its importance for the organizations. Keywords: Information Systems, human resource information systems, human resources, literature review. 1. Study Background The technological developments in the businesses have forced the companies to adopt the new technologies in order to survive in the competitive market (Arneri ü , Prani þ evi ü , & Tadi ü ). Therefore over the last decade’s information systems have become very important for organizations (Desanctis, 1986). As the world has been globalized day by day, the daily problems have become more complex for businesses, which in turn urged companies to have and to adopt new technologies and innovations to solve these problems. Due to the information technology avaliability, the human resource functions have been transformed surprisingly, to design and improve the efficiency of administration and services. Information systems are often considered as a driver of change within HR department of the organizations, as it enables to resolve the human resource related problems by the use of information technologies (Haines & Lafleur, 2008). On the other hand information technology is very important for managers as a tool that can be used to manage the organization and particularly in human resource functions in order to increase the capabilities of the organization (Tansley & Watson, 2000). So that human resource management functions have not passed over such potential, and a human resource information system usage has occurred (CedarCrestone, 2009-2010). Human resource information systems are also one of the most important technologies which have been developing with information technologies as a function of human resource management (HRM). A HRIS is an integrated software, hardware, support functions, system policies and procedures into an automated system process that support the strategic and operational process of HR departments and their managers (Chauhan, Sharma, & Tyagi, 2011).
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