APUSH Unit 3 - Unit 3 American Revolution(1754-1800 French...

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Unit 3: American Revolution (1754-1800) French and Indian War (7 Years War) 1. Prussia and England (Protestant powers of Europe) 2. France and Austria (Catholic powers of Europe) 3. France vs England: both had land in America 4. Ohio River valley a. Important to West of Appalachian Mts b. Fertile land c. Present day Pennsylvania and Ohio d. Middle and Southern colonies move west 5. Ohio Company a. Founded by wealthy virginians b. Started divvying up land that didn’t belong to them c. When French find out, they build forts to block them out i. Fort Duquesne (later Fort Pitt) d. George Washington i. Lead the force against the French at the Fort ii. Gets crushed iii. Had to sign a confession (used by French to declare war) e. Albany Plan i. Ben Franklin says join or die ii. Attempt to have a unified government for the colonies 6. French and Indian War (1754-1763) a. French want to keep their land and keep trading b. Natives want to keep their land and keep living in the River Valley they way they have been c. English want more land and to kick out Natives and French d. What was at stake for the English? i. They need more land because now colonists are actually living and the wealthy people having kids needed land for their kids to have political power e. English Strategy i. Attack from the colonies while Prussia took care of things in Europe ii. William Pitt 1. Britain’s secretary of state 2. Sent best generals to the colonies iii. Pros: better for the colonists bc the French army is still in Europe iv. Cons: very expensive f. War in the West
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i. English (army and colonists) march into Ohio to face off against a couple frenchmen and many Natives ii. Not going to work bc: underestimate Natives, not their turf, strategy is based on artillery iii. English army gets totally destroyed iv. Lost lots of money and lost g. War in the North i. Montreal ii. Easier to fight in the city iii. Ships (British navy is best in the world) iv. They can fight the way the are trained to with artillery and cavalry v. No marching to get there (just go by ship) vi. British send their best troops and generals vii. Battle of Quebec 1. French capital 2. French can’t resupply Montreal without Quebec 3. British deploy artillery from above the city 7. Peace of Paris (1763) a. Peace treaty was signed by English and French (no Natives) b. French give British their forts c. Pontiac’s War (Rebellion) i. Pontiac successfully united the Native and burns the forts so that Natives cannot be displaced d. No good options with British and Natives Aftermath and Reform 1. Peace of Paris (1763) a. England’s War expenses b. Ohio River Valley i. Solution: Proclamation line (1763) 1. Stupid AF 2. Not enforceable 3. Easily ignorable c. Rebellions i. Paxton boys kill Natives ii. British pay them a stipend from killing Natives The End of Salutary Neglect 1. Revenue Act (1762) a. Taxation without representation b. Figure out where their revenue was going (were getting abt 200 pounds but was supposed to be way more)
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c. Tax collector’s salary is now tied to the revenue brought in (motivation to not be bribed and lazy) d.
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