Nov 28th.docx

Nov 28th.docx - Education ● ● ● History of education...

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Education History of education in Canada Linked to industrialization Social reformer demanding limits on child labour Gov. trying to socialize and assimilate natives, and immigrants Employers also wanting more skilled and more self disiplined workforce (higher education levels) Late 1800s - education made compulsory 1920 - compulsory schooling to Grade 8 in most provinces High school drop-outs as a percentage of all 20-24-year-olds, Canada, 1990-1991 to 2004-2005 Goal of the early education system Socialization and assimilation Of immigrants and Native peoples into “Canadian” way of life and values Of children in general to learn values of self-discipline and patriotism in addition to the 3 Rs Over time Canada became an increasingly credentialed society Credential inflation Chart: University Student Enrolment in Ontario over time What drives credential inflation? Youth unemployment Economic uncertainty Use degrees as sorting devices Theoretical Perspectives Functionalist Perspective Schools characterized by formal and informal curriculums both of which fill important manifest and latent functions. Schools are characterized by both formal and informal functions Manifest functions (intended) Latent functions (unintended) Functionalists focus on beneficial effects How systems benefit society when they’re running well Teaching knowledge and skills (manifest function)
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