Survey of US History Task 5.docx

Survey of US History Task 5.docx - Survey of US History...

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Survey of US History C121 / Kerry Biordi / 0529991 Task 5 Chosen Topic: English Colonization and the Road to Revolution Part A 1. Analyze the point of view of primary source A by doing the following: a. Describe the major characteristics of primary source A (author’s background, main ideas presented, major characteristics of the primary source, the reasons it was created). Isaac Backus was a Baptist preacher in Massachusetts from 1756-1806. Backus argued that true freedom of religion would not force people to pay taxes, and particularly not to a centralized church congregation of which they were neither a part of nor subscribed to their theology. There was a law in his time which required Baptists and other religious groups to pay tax to the government in support of the chosen church of that colony. Backus argued that is was causing the government to “usurp God’s judgement seat” by elevating a particular sect as the ordained sect. He further reminds the listeners that this type of governmental controls was precisely the “coercive measures which were taken against themselves in England.” (Patrick, 1999) As a Baptist preacher, Isaac Backus preached a sermon in 1773 pleading his case against the laws in Massachusetts that favored a government chosen church for required financial patronage. He was struggling with the separation of church and state, how much control the government should have over things that are pretty personal, such as religion. He also was trying to understand how this “freedom” they supposedly have now in the new colonies was any different that the bondage they felt they had been escaping in England. (Patrick, 1999) Reverend Backus reminded the people over and over in the discourse that they were free, and that God’s people had liberty. He reminded them of the lack of freedom they had in England. Not
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  • Spring '19
  • WGU
  • Christianity, Separation of church and state, Isaac Backus, Kerry Biordi

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