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Running Head: SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER 1 Research Paper: Social Anxiety Disorder Jennifer L. Rosa Liberty University PSYC 430 - B04
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SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER 2 Abstract The purpose of this paper is to present the most recent research on the disorder of Social Anxiety, also referred to as SAD. The exploration of scholarly journals was used for findings on the topics of background, cause, treatment, prevention, cross-cultural issues, and a Biblical perspective of SAD. SAD is disorder characterized by life interfering anxieties experienced by an individual pertaining to social context. The information presented on the topic is of recent and most relevant to what is currently known regarding this disorder.
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SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER 3 Research Paper: Social Anxiety Disorder Social Anxiety is a newly recognized disorder underway of research to further understand and distinguish it separately from other anxiety disorders and phobias. SAD is characterized in the most current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-V) as a continuous fear, that goes beyond a normal concern, of being gauged or scrutinized by others negatively (Heimberg et al., 2014, pp. 473). This fear induces extreme anxieties that may keep or hinder the individual from properly functioning in social interactions or public altogether. They will withdraw because of formulated beliefs that they will be rejected by others or come off as displeasing or offensive (Heimberg et al., 2014, pp. 473). These anxieties must be noted by a clinician as “excessive or unreasonable” (Heimberg et al., 2014, pp. 476) for a period in continuation longer than 6 months for a diagnosis to be given to the individual. In previous versions of the DSM this recognition of the disproportionate nature of the anxieties was in the hands of the individual/clients themselves but it has since been realized that a person with SAD is most likely not looking at their fears realistically to begin with and thus the determination must be made by a licensed professional. The diagnosis most commonly is discovered during later adolescence or early adulthood but can be still be labeled accurately as early as 6 years of age (Heimberg et al., 2014, pp. 473). When considering a diagnosis of SAD it is most important that the cultural background is analyzed appropriately. Historical The term Social Anxiety is fairly new in itself, being coined in just a little more than a half century ago. The first mentions in history of anxieties in the context of social fears and embarrassments appear in the 1600s starting all the way back with Hippocrates but was not
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SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER 4 officially recognized until 1966 as a separate entity from other phobias and anxieties (Hyett & McEvoy, 2018, pp. 1937–1938). Social anxiety initially appeared in the 3rd publication of the DSM (DSM-III) listed as a class of phobic disorders and only received the labelling of SAD in the DSM-IV but still was not it’s primary name until the DSM-V. Name change was decided to
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  • Summer '18
  • Joshua Myers
  • Social anxiety disorder

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