HB 265 exam 2

HB 265 exam 2 - Obesity Trends and BMI(oct 9 ● ● ●...

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Obesity Trends and BMI (oct 9) America’s five deadliest diseases according to the CDC? 1. Heart disease; 2. Cancer How to handle the obesity issue globally? French: imposed a soda tax in 2012; no restaurants can offer free refills of sodas and other sugary drinks since 2017 Japan’s “metabo law” (Government-mandated waistline limit) Mexico added a 10% surcharge on sugary drinks in 2014 Philadelphia became the first major city to introduce a soda tax. Difference between overweight and obesity Overweight: (BMI of 25 to 29.9) Obesity: (BMI of 30 or higher) American Medical Association declared obesity as a disease since 2013. Body Mass Index (BMI) High BMI usually relates to higher body fat, but BMI may not provide actual information on body composition and body shape; in general, BMI provides a good measure of obesity Nutrition Labeling (Oct 11) Nutrition Facts (Nutritional Label)– How to interpret the Nutrition Facts? Start with the serving size; based on 2000 Kcal What nutritional information is listed on Nutrition Facts? Total fat, saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, sodium, total carb, protein, etc. Percent daily value (%DV): good source (10 to 19% of the DV for a nutrient); high in that nutrient (20% or more) General guide to calories (high calorie-item: 400 calories or more per serving size) Usually you don’t find the %DV for protein except a few circumstances. Current Nutrition Facts vs. New Nutrition Facts: FDA’s changes to the new Nutrition Lab- What particular new changes? adding separate line of added sugar; calories from fat is no longer written; serving sizes updated (accurately reflecting modern day American eating habits) Dietary Guidelines for Americans & USDA My Plate / Supertracker Analysis (Oct 11) Dietary Guidelines for Americans Every five years since 1980, a new edition of the DG has been published. Deficiencies of essential nutrients have dramatically decreased over the past century, but the rates of preventable chronic diet-related diseases have increased. Three key elements of healthy eating patterns: eating pattern, nutrient dense, and variety 2015-2020 DG do not focus on individual nutrients, not so much on specific foods, but rather on A lifelong dietary or eating pattern; recognizing cultural and personal traditions. A healthy eating pattern limits saturated fats, trans fat, added sugars, and sodium. Limit calories from added sugar (less than 10% of calories per day) and saturated fats (less than 10% of calories per day)
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Limit sodium (less than 2,300 milligrams per day –upper limit) What’s new for 2015 to 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans? New DG “individuals should eat as little dietary cholesterol as possible” (it used to be 300-milligram cholesterol limit, but no specific upper limit amount for the first time since 1980) In our class, we discussed that there were some lawsuits arguing that the New DGs mislead consumers USDA MyPlate (current) vs. USDA MyPyramid (old)
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