-One of the first scholars that defines what a city is, born in Germany and earned a PHD at U
of Chicago, wrote “The Ghetto”, first to apply this term to black neighborhoods and talks about Rural
Urban Continuum which states that rural and urban areas are very close to each other, but completely
different. Rural and Urban is a spectrum, not black and white, people don’t give up their history.
-Professor at a black college and taught music theory, big composer for first 1/3
inappropriately labeled the blues as ragtime, then began to send associates to the Mississippi delta to
discover what blues is really about. He was interested in the blues/race music, and wanted to discover
what his people were singing. First guy to popularize and make money off blues.
-Spent most of his life in the Delta, a very prominent blues musician. Was discovered by
Handy’s field agents and was essentially a starter of the blues movement. Played the blues at a place
called the dockery plantation which interested more blacks to go work there to listen to him. More bluesy/
field holler music.
-Also spent most of his life in the Delta and was a student of Patton, Started to get noticed
in Memphis and Chicago and had a much more blues sound than Patton did.
A man who was 1/16
African, told conductor he was 1/16
black just so the conductor
would tell him to move so that he could make a legal case out of it showing the racial prejudices that
Blind Lemon Jefferson
-Said foundation for blues was laid, but there was much more room for different
forms of blues. Started “texas” branch of blues
-Wrote “White Over Black”, Tries to understand where racial situation of U.S. comes
from, the Fears and anxieties that sent fore fathers to new world manifested itself into racism, concerned
after migration about who we were as a racial system, creates jim crow laws.
William Julius Wilson
-Issues that Jordan worries about are becoming less important, Wrote “declining
significance of race”-not race but class and status are what matter in this country, Jordan and his
followers say that race still matters, Wilson says that it does not
-Professor at Brown, historian of race in brazil, Race is a continuum, you are a series of
races, not one drop of blood defines your race, various types of race
-One of authors of “Black Metropolis”, Being black in America isn’t just about being
oppressed but it’s what you make of it, Grandson of first black governor, Son of first black newspaper
man, Interested in Chicago Blues
Muddy Waters (McKinley Morganfield)
A local star in the south Bronsville Missippi, everyone
goes to see him play, Was recorded by Lomax and began to receive commercial success, Then moves up
to Chicago so he can take his career farther, his music is much more complicated than rural blues, adds
Memphis Slim (Peter Chatman)
-Combines Jazz and Blues, Never a country boy, so didn’t have to rethink