ppm.docx - The purpose of organizations is to achieve...

This preview shows page 1 - 5 out of 15 pages.

The purpose of organizations is to achieve increased efficiency, usually through increase profits for its shareholders. Seeks to optimize the use of available resources. Organizational Theory (OT) focuses on three main areas; Structure : 明显的组件 比如名称,职位。。 Processes : 组织一系列活动让顾客消费的过程 Culture : 组织成员如何相互协调障碍,困难和工作 A matrix organization is defined as a structure 人们必须向一个以上的老板汇报工作。 A hierarchical organization is defined as a structure where. 人们必须向一个老板汇报工作。 A project organization is defined as a structure where 组织将他们活动计划或项目组合中,并通过项目来实现他们 Project is the process of managing, allocating, and timing available resources to achieve the desired goal of a project in an efficient and expedient manner 。是管理、分配和安排可用资源的过程,以有效和方便的方式实现项目的预 期目标。 Specific goal , Specified time period, Specific resources , Unique in work arrangement ( temporary organization ) Poorly‐defined/uncertain project: A Project that has not been outlined as accurately and as fully as possible in terms of these constraints. PROJECT MANAGEMENT Increased Project Size Increased Organizational Complexity Increased Technical Complexity More Complex Interdependencies Increased Government Regulations Speed Key challenges Increased focus on goals and outcomes Need to accommodate changes and uncertainty Increased complexity 复杂性
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Increased coordination Increased efficiency and effectiveness General Project Model: Pre‐study : Analyze pre‐requisites and specify assignments. Planning : Produce plans for execution. Execution : Develop and implement results. Closure : Evaluate and close projec
Image of page 2
Tollgate : A process checkpoint used by project owners to assess and make decisions about the future of a project. Milestone : A process checkpoint used by a project manager to assess the progress of a project. 关卡 : 项目所有者用来评估和决定项目未来的过程检查点。 里程碑 : 项目经理用来评估项目进度的过程检查点 Examine Project Management. Systems Theory Rational Choice Theory Accounting Theory SMART specific, measurable, accepted, realizable, timely Project charter A document in which the background, purpose and goals of a project are clear communicated. It also states who is client and what the budget limited in the project. 项目章程 项目的背景、目的和目标被清楚地传达的文件。它还说明了谁是客户以及项目中的预算限制。 PRE‐STUDY ACTIVITIES Define scope Analyze present state Structure the scope of the project Identify stakeholders Estimate the business benefit (business case) Produce solution proposals Define requirements Compile an outline of execution plan
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

What is agile?
Image of page 4
Image of page 5

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern