Hi252 Exam3 Review

Hi252 Exam3 Review - Test 3 Review (NOTE: normally I make a...

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Test 3 Review (NOTE: normally I make a longer, more detailed outline to use while I teach the review, and I also make a shorter version to hand out at the review/post online. This time I did not have a chance to make the second, shorter version.) I. Kennedy’s Foreign Policy A. Do whatever it takes to contain USSR (goes beyond using nukes, wants a more flexible array of tools) 1. Flexible Response (ex. Green Berets- can respond to something without threatening to nuke USSR; not too many people) 2. Military build up and rough rhetoric 3. Space Race (man on the moon by 1969) B. Rise of Castro presents two problems 1. US needs to prevent other Latin American nations falling to Castro-ism (communism) a. Launch “Alliance for Progress” (like Marshall Plan, but $ ends up going to LA mil) 2. US needs to get rid of Castro C. Bay of Pigs Aril 1961 1. CIA covert operation to depose Castro 2. Beginning in 1959 DDE; CIA trains anti-Castro exiles (Miami) to invade Cuba 3. JFK inherits this plan 4. It fails in April and JFK does not send in Marines to salvage it a. had to do it because of the fuss he made about DDE being weak on communism. Bad plan, did it anyways. Lots of miscommunication by US 5. JFK decides keeping other LA countries away from communism is more important than getting rid of Castro 6. Result of the Bay of Pigs disaster a. US looked pathetic (we’d tried to illegally invade a country and failed) b. many of the anti-Castro exiles in Miami were captured c. Castro looked like a hero (USSR extends more aid) d. tensions in Berlin---Kennedy worried if US frontally assaulted Cuba, he thought USSR would respond horizontally by invading Berlin- “if we’re too tough in Cuba, we’ll lose Berlin) D. Operation Mongoose 1. Bobby Kennedy—attorney general, obsessed with Castro, mastermind of operation 2. CIA covert operations in Cuba, destroy infrastructure, and assassination of Castro 3. Rebuffs Castro’s attempts o improve relations 4. JFK talks openly of invading Cuba E. Cuban Missile Crisis (Oct 1962) 1. called the “thirteen days” but had deep roots a. Roots 1) Nuclear: missile gap in US favor at the time (USSR puts missiles in Cuba to try to change the gap); US missiles in Turkey 2) Cuba: important USSR ally, USSR must defend Cuba from invasion (embarrassment, weak to allies) 2. Outline of Events a. Summer 1962- US discounts rumors of USSR activity in Cuba (USSR would never trust an ally with nuclear weapons) b. October 14: U2 photographs of missile silos on Cuba c. October 16: options are discussed in Executive Committee (taped) 1) air strikes to take out missile sites (would have been easy because of photographs) 2) invasion (go the whole way, get rid of Castro) 3) diplomacy (at UN…swap Cuba with Turkey) 4) do nothing (McNamara-doesn’t’ matter if the weapons are in Cuba, they’ll flatten US no matter what) 5) naval blockade (called “quarantine” because “blockade” is illegal) CHOSE THIS d. Oct 22: JFK announces blockade on TV
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course HI 252 taught by Professor Pruden during the Fall '08 term at N.C. State.

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Hi252 Exam3 Review - Test 3 Review (NOTE: normally I make a...

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