Lit-230_ The Second Odyssey Essay.pdf - Soriano 1 Harley Soriano Literature 230-03 Expressions of Living Past Professor Jeffrey Heiman The Homeric

Lit-230_ The Second Odyssey Essay.pdf - Soriano 1 Harley...

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Soriano 1 Harley Soriano Literature 230-03: Expressions of Living Past Professor Jeffrey Heiman December 17, 2018 The Homeric Virtues in Homer’s The Odyssey : How Odysseus, Pēnelópē, and Tēlemakhos Demonstrate Homeric Virtues to Maintain Honor Homeric ethics contrast with the progressive ethics of the modern era because they are brutal and out of an individual's control such as being born into nobility, the amount earthly possessions and individuals under his/her command, the ability to excel in battle and be physically fit such as Telamonian Ajax or Achilles; however, after nearly 2768 years, the commonly believed composition of the duplex epics The Iliad and The Odyssey they remain as tangible concepts. They are reasonable, as summarized by Jacques A. Bailly of the University of Vermont on Terence Irwin's book Classical Thought (1989) because the concepts of wealth, honor, status, and power are achievable. The problem that Odysseus, Pēnelópē, and Tēlemakhos present by performing the Homeric virtues are that the concepts are intelligible but it is not clear to readers that they are morally skewed. This is the case because they rely on how others perceive you, or your reputation. In other words, a hero is never expected to sacrifice his reputation or material honors for others and simply because a hero acts arrogant, selfish, or demonstrates hubris this does not mean they are a bad person (Bailly, n.d.). This explains how Odysseus maintains his status as a hero while repeatedly deceiving, lusting over immortals, and demonstrating excessive pride which at times had dire consequences such as losing crewmen.
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Soriano 2 It is Odysseus’ ability to persevere under pressure from divine sovereigns, to bend the rules but not break them, his physical prowess, leadership skills, and intellectual aptitude that make him a Homeric hero . These pressures vary such as being away from the island of Ithaka and his family for nearly two decades, the suitors who have been trying to seduce his wife to marry one of them in order to obtain Odysseus’ wealth while simultaneously eating his livestock and seducing his female servants, and the dangers he and his fellow crewmen confront on their journey back home of which only he survives. Odysseus’ displays intellectual aptitude when he and his men deal with the Kyklops Polyphemus, who happens to be the son of Poseidon, by utilizing societal customs and norms of which were not followed by the Kyklopes. The reason why it is custom to allow strangers into your home and care for them is due to the inability of mortals to know whether or not strangers are gods/goddesses because they have the ability to shapeshift and test mortals. Out of fear of disrespecting a god/goddess it became a custom that has dire consequences if not adhered to as Odysseus exclaims when dealing with the Kyklops, “It was our luck to come here; here we stand, beholden for your help, or any gifts you give-as custom is to honor strangers. We would entreat you, great Sir, have a care for the gods’ courtesy; Zeus will avenge the unoffending guest“ (Book IX, Line 288). However, from an
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