Chapter 13 APUSH - The American Pageant Chapter 13 Reading Guide Vocabulary Corrupt bargain-alleged deal between presidential candidates John Quincy

Chapter 13 APUSH - The American Pageant Chapter 13 Reading...

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The American Pageant Chapter 13 Reading Guide Vocabulary Corrupt bargain --alleged deal between presidential candidates John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay to throw the election, to be decided by the House of Representatives, in Adams’ favor Spoils system-- policy of rewarding political supporters with public office, first widely employed at the federal level by Andrew Jackson Tariff of Abominations-- noteworthy for its unprecedentedly high duties on imports Nullification Crisis-- showdown between President Andrew Jackson and the South Carolina legislature, which declared the 1832 tariff null and void in the state and threatened secession if the federal government tried to collect duties Compromise Tariff of 1833-- passed as a measure to resolve the Nullification Crisis, it provided that tariffs be lowered gradually, over a period of ten years, to 1816 levels Force Bill-- passed by Congress alongside the compromise Tariff of 1833, it authorized the president to use the military to collect federal tariff duties Indian Removal Act-- ordered the removal of Indian tribes still residing east of the Mississippi to newly established Indian Territory west of Arkansas and Missouri Trail of Tears-- forced march of fifteen thousand Cherokee Indians from their Georgia and Alabama homes to Indian Territory Black Hawk War-- series of clashes in Illinois and Wisconsin between American forces and Indian chief Black Hawk and the Sauk and Fox tribes, who unsuccessfully tried to reclaim territory lost under the 1830 Indian Removal Act Bank War-- battle between President Andrew Jackson and congressional supporters of the Bank of the United States over the bank’s renewal Anti-Masonic Party-- first founded in New York, it gained considerable influence in New England and the mid- Atlantic during the 1832 election, campaigning against the politically influential Masonic order, a secret society Pet banks-- popular term for pro-Jackson state banks that received the bulk of federal deposits when Andrew Jackson moved to dismantle the Bank of the United States in 1833 Specie Circular-- U.S. Treasury decree requiring that all public lands be purchased with “hard,” or metallic, currency Panic of 1837-- economic crisis triggered by bank failures, elevated grain prices, and Andrew Jackson’s efforts to curb over speculation on western lands and transportation improvements Alamo-- fortress in Texas where two hundred American volunteers were slain by Santa Anna in 1836 Goliad-- Texas outpost where American volunteers, having laid down their arms and surrendered, were massacred by Mexican forces in 1836 Battle of San Jacinto-- resulted in the capture of Mexican dictator Santa Anna, who was forced to withdraw his troops from Texas and recognize the Rio Grande as Texas’ southwestern border Reading Questions 1. Describe the Election of 1824: who runs, who wins, and why is the result called a “corrupt bargain?” John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, William H. Crawford, and Andrew Jackson all ran for the Election of 1824, but John Quincy Adams eventually gained the presidency. A few days later, he announced Henry Clay as

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