BICS and CALP refer to the productive receptive language skills that ELLs possess. Underlying this is the Common Underlying Proficiency Theory (CUP), developed by Jim Cummins. Discuss the similarities and differences between the development of L1 (native language) and L2 (target language). According with BICS describes the development of conversational fluency (Basic Interpersonal Communicative Skills) in the second language, whereas CALP describes the use of language in decontextualized academic situations (Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency ). The students in the foreign language are attributable to the distinctions between the systems of L1 and L2 and to the sociocultural influence of the speaker. The knowledge of the distinctions between L1 and L2 considerably inhibits the percussion of L1 during the teaching-learning process of L2. The understanding of the distinctions between L1 and L2 leads to the directly proportional development of the communicative competences of students in L1 and L2. For example the relations between L1 and L2 in my Spanish language classes favor not only the acquisition of the linguistic contents and the socio-cultural knowledge of the students, but also the understanding of authentic oral and written texts, as well as the development of the oral and written expression with an acceptable level of communicative competence. I also believe that instruction in a minority language is effective when promoting competence in that language, the transfer of this competence to the majority language will be given as long as there is an adequate exposure to the majority language (either at school or in the environment) and an adequate motivation is given to learn the majority language." Harris (1983, idem) says that culture represents socially learned traditions and lifestyles, including those patterns and repetitive ways of thinking, feeling and acting. But according to Stanley (1999) "culture takes place through communication, when we talk with friends, when teachers teach, when media professionals write what we read, listen or watch on television. it is the world converted into meanings, it is built and maintained socially through communication, it limits and liberates us, it also differentiates and unites us, culture defines our realities and therefore molds the way we think, we feel and act. " It is true because learning a new language is a slow, long process, and it requires a lot of practice and
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- Spring '19
- Idioma español, Estados Unidos, Conjunción lógica, Idioma inglés