CHAPTER 3MethodsThe goal of this qualitative,descriptive case study is to examine and explore nurses’ perceptions of sleepy/drowsy driving and the risk of automobile accidents. The purpose of this case study is to understand nurses’ perceptions of sleepy/drowsy driving behavior and the implications for nurse managers for adequate staffing and training for nurses’ driving safety. In Chapter 3, the researcherdescribes the research design and the methodological approach to ofthe study. The use of semi-structured interviews of onthe participants’ perceptions and experiences may allow revealthemes to emerge that may contribute to the knowledge of how nurses’ perceptions of sleepy/drowsy driving may affect driving safety (Gibson & Petrosko, 2014; Jernigan & Beggs, 2010). The use of descriptive data may reflect the participants’ perceptions and experiences to create a training program for nurse managers to create encouragesafe work commutes(Castandea, 2014).An analysis of the transcribed data collected from the structured interviews will take place to describe and define emerging themes (Stoudt, 2014). AnThisanalysis might willexplore the perceptions and experiences of safe and unsafe driving practices of nurse participantswho work in Orlando,(Central,Florida). The areas of exploration and examination might willprovide managers with an understanding of how to educate nurses’regarding drowsy/sleepy driving behaviors. It might mayalso make suggestions for improving management-employee staffing relations. Chapter 3 will providesthe rationale for the selection of the research methodology and the design appropriateness.
Research Method and Design AppropriatenessResearch plan.Both qualitative and quantitative methods have benefits and disadvantages (Zwang & Creswell, 2013). The researcher chose Aaqualitative case study was chosen over other methods because qualitative research allows for deciphering information or exploring new phenomena (Milman, 2015). A qualitative design was is also more suitable for the research problem under investigation. Sanjay (2013) reported that qualitative methods are appropriate for studies that have gaps in the knowledge base withinandthe literature review or that reveal little information. Curry, Nembhard, and Bradley (2009) emphasized the importance of qualitative research in health care as providing unique and significant additions to clinical studies.Unlike qualitative research, quantitative research uses a more empirical approach;.Researchers use this method to identify relationships among variables while examining the logic of mathematical descriptions (Nile & Singer, 2012). Pollarolo (2014) stated that quantitative studies use measurements and surveys to gather information and to test for theories, producing statistical results. Nile and Singer (2012) reported that qualitative research allows the participants to be more flexible and interactive in the research study. The Thisinteractivity and flexibility allows