Methods The goal of this qualitative descriptive case study is to examine and explore nurses' perceptions and experiences of sleepy/drowsy driving and examine the countermeasures utilized with nurses' decision to drive when sleep deprived using structured semi- structured interview questions. The purpose of this case study is to understand nurses' perceptions of sleepy/drowsy driving behavior and the implications for nurse managers for adequate staffing and training for nurses' driving safety. In Chapter 3, the researcher describes the research design and methodological approach to the study. The use of semi-structured interviews of the participants’ perceptions and experiences may allow themes to emerge that may contribute to the knowledge of how nurses' perceptions of sleepy/drowsy driving may affect driving safety (Gibson & Petrosko, 2014; Jernigan & Beggs, 2010). The use of descriptive data may reflect the participants’ perceptions and experiences to create a training program for nurse managers to create safe work commute (Castandea, 2014). An analysis may be done on the transcribed data collected from the structured interviewsto describe and define emerging themes (Stoudt, 2014). An analysis might explore the perceptions and experiences of safe and unsafe driving practices of nurse participants who work in Orlando (Central, Florida). The areas of exploration and examination might provide managerswith an understanding of how to educate nurses' regarding drowsy/sleepy driving behaviors. It might also provide suggestions for improving management-employee staffing relations. Chapter 3 will provide the rationale for the selection of the research methodology and design appropriateness.
Research Method and Design AppropriatenessResearch method. Creswell (2013) clarified both qualitative and quantitative techniques have advantages and drawbacks. A qualitative case study was selected over different strategies because qualitative research considers decoding data or new phenomena (Milman, 2015). A qualitative design was likewise more appropriate for the exploration issue under scrutiny. Sanjay (2013) shared that qualitative methods are appropriate for research that have gaps in the learning base inside the literature review or that uncover little data.Unlike qualitative research, quantitative research uses a more empirical approach; researchers use this method to identify relationships among variables while examining the logic of mathematical descriptions (Nile & Singer, 2012). Pollarolo (2014) stated that quantitative studies use measurements and surveys to gather information and test for theories, producing statistical results. Nile and Singer (2012) reported that qualitative research allows the participantsto be more flexible and interactive in the research study. The interactivity and flexibility allow participants in a qualitative study to respond and provide more in-depth answers to interview questions.