Study Guide Exam 3 Biology 2

Study Guide Exam 3 Biology 2 - EBIO 1220-General Biology,...

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EBIO 1220—General Biology, Spring 2008 Study Guide—Exam 3 Professor Sharon Collinge Note : the exam will focus on the material covered in lectures, which includes elements from your text and additional material. Use the lectures to help you decide what to study from the textbook. I will not ask questions from the book on material NOT covered in lecture. I recommend that you study your lecture notes and the lecture handouts, and use the book to clarify and reiterate the topics covered in lecture. This exam will cover material presented from March 5 through Friday, April 4. The lecture on Monday, April 7 will not be included in the material for Exam #3. Throughout : know “Today’s Feature Organisms” and what they signify or represent (i.e., why did I choose them for that day’s lecture? What concept or point do they illustrate?) Chapter 31—Fungi How many described species of fungi are there? What are the major nutritional roles of fungi? Examples of each? What are structural components of fungi, including hyphae, haustoria, mycelia? What are mycorrhizal associations? Endomycorrhizae? Ectomycorrhizae? What are the key aspects of the asexual and sexual life cycles of fungi? Plasmogamy and karyogamy? Haploid and diploid phases? What kingdom is most closely related to Fungi? Know the five phyla of fungi, what are their distinguishing features, the approximate number of species, what nutritional role(s) they play, and be able to recognize or recall examples of species from each phylum. What are lichens? Which phylum of fungi is most often involved in lichens? What are important human uses of and interactions with fungi? Chapter 29—Plant diversity I: Origin and diversification of land plants, Bryophytes, Ferns and other seedless vascular plants What are the closest relatives of land plants? What are the advantages for plants of living on land versus in water? What five traits distinguish land plants from their closest algal relatives? You should be able to name and describe each of these. What is a cuticle in plants? What are secondary compounds? What roles do they serve? The 10 plant phyla can be divided into three distinct groups—what are they? Know the approximate number of species of each of these three groups. What are the key aspects of the bryophyte life cycle? Which generation (diploid or haploid, sporophyte or gametophyte) is dominant? Why is water required for fertilization? What is the archegonium? What is the antheridium? Why are mosses ecologically and economically important? Think of peat, sphagnum, pollution sensors, carbon storage. What are four distinctive traits of vascular plants? These traits distinguish the vascular plants from the non-vascular plants. What are the key aspects of the fern life cycle? Which generation (diploid or haploid,
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Study Guide Exam 3 Biology 2 - EBIO 1220-General Biology,...

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