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april 22 Helping behavior

april 22 Helping behavior - Helping behavior Basic...

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Helping behavior Basic Differentiation: Prosocial : helping behavior that is rewarded someway, for the good of the group. Helps in general. You are rewarded some way versus altruistic - helping from internal need to help when help is needed. It is a higher form of helping. It is helping without getting anything out of it. 1. Sociobiological -help to insure survival of genes. We help family members more than we help strangers and friends. We help biological kids more than adopted children. - Kin selection : more help if genetically related. We are more likely to help someone who is similar to ourselves in terms of race for example. Similarity works here too. We don’t share DNA but we share some of same genetic compositions and characteristics. - Reciprocity : help we when can (at low cost) so can get help when needed. This was formed as an adaptive behavior so you can get help later when you need it 2. Social norms: Basically a cultural norm to help others. - norm of reciprocity : a norm that increases helping. We have this norm because it increases helping in general, NOT SPECIFICALLY TO HELP MANKIND SURVIVE.
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