April 24 - any group Steps to getting help Step 1 People...

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April 24 What has to happen for someone to get help? Kiti detavese: nurse, coming back from work at night in NY, murdered, 36 witnesses, no one called cops/ Initial reaction: city turns people inhumane some thought there was fundamental attribution error occurring The witnesses assumed someone else would call. Bystander effect : tendency to be less likely to help if others are present. Study: smoke in study room. If there were alone, they immediately left to get the interviewer. When other people were there, there was a delay. When confederates ignored the smoke, no one went in to find the interviewer. Other study with you on the phone. If you though other guy on the line was alone having a seizure, you automatically help. If you think there are people with him, there is delay. Also happens in non emergency situations: example in elevator where you drop your pens. If only 1 person there, they will help you, if a few, they will kick pens towards you but not help. This shows bystander effect happens in non dangerous situations and with
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Unformatted text preview: any group. Steps to getting help: Step 1: People have to realize what is happening. Step2: Interpret what is happening, determine if this is a helping issue ((bystanser effect + step –step 2: pluralistic ignorance: if no one else in your group is reacting, you think it is not important. Other example with couple arguing (helped dating not married company) Step 3 where action is: take responsibility. In a group, there is diffusion of responsibility to get help. Social norm, justice at play? Step 4: know how to help? To Increase helping: Decrease ambiguity—let people know help is needed. Don’t lose people at interpreting step. Increase responsibility: don’t shout call 9/11, rather call people out to do individual tasks Operant conditioning: model behavior: models of helping increases helping behavior. Increase rewards of helping. .beware of overjustification. Establish norms of helping in your community or family or something so helping becomes an automatic behavior...
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This note was uploaded on 05/28/2009 for the course PSYCH 200.133 taught by Professor Dr.drigotas during the Spring '08 term at Johns Hopkins.

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