Lg and Thought 2017.pdf - What is the Relationship Between Language and Thought \u201cWhat is language for?\u201d Communication Private Speech \u201cThe private

Lg and Thought 2017.pdf - What is the Relationship Between...

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What is the Relationship Between Language and Thought
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“What is language for?” Communication & Private Speech “The private uses of language are equally varied and important, including functions like problem-solving enhancing social intelligence by rehearsing the thoughts of others memory aids focusing attention, etc. They seem to extend into almost every domain of thought.” (Chomsky, Fitch and Hauser)
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Language and Thought
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Qs regarding the role of language in our thinking. If we grant that we use language (inner or private) for thinking, how much do we rely on it in our daily life for thinking? Are there thoughts that we can only entertain through language? Does the specific language we speak influence our thinking? If so, how?
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Qs regarding the role of language in our thinking. Could learning the lexicon and grammars of one’s language lead to the development of new concepts? If so, how?
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Cognitive Psychology Experiments Language Influence on: Problem Solving Memory and Associations Categorization
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Symbolic Systems (Language is one) What’s the answer to: Twenty three times five hundred seventy-one. How did you solve the math problem? Buses 1, 2, and 3 make one trip each day, and they are the only ones that riders A, B, C, D, E, F, and G take to work. Neither E nor G takes bus 1 on a day when B does. G does not take bus 2 on a day when D does. When A and F take the same bus, it is always bus 3. C always takes bus 3. Traveling together to work, B, C, and G could take which of the same buses on a given day? How did you solve this problem? Answers: A. 1 only B. 2 only C. 3 only D. 2 and 3 only E. 1, 2, and 3
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Baddeley (1986) Slave Systems Central Executive Visuospatial Sketchpad Phonological Loop
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Language and Problem Solving Baddeley, Thomson, & Buchanan (1975) Read the list of 5 countries to yourself Then try to recall the list There are two such lists.
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List 1 Chad, Burma, Greece, Cuba, Malta
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List 2 Czechoslovakia, Somaliland, Nicaragua, Afghanistan, Yugoslavia
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Which list was easier? Our recall is dependent on the number of syllables we can say quickly (Vallar & Baddeley, 1982). Study shows: Verbal rehearsing is a strategy that we use to maintain things (here names) in active memory. A list of places with more syllables takes longer to rehearse than one with fewer syllables.
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Vallar & Baddeley (1986) Different Types of Lists: 1 Syllable Words: “tan, man, sin, hop, wax” 2 Syllable Words: “market, table, lesser, picket, garden” Subjects: Read words aloud (as quickly as possible) Recall list of words.
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Vallar & Baddely (1986) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 %Correct 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Number of Syllables %Correct 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.5 Reading Rate Reading Rate Reading rate has the same functional relation as % Correct with respect to the number of syllables in the words!
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Summary Maintaining Information - memory Visually encoded information (image) decays at a faster rate than verbally encoded information. (estimates 1s vs.
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  • 1984, Linguistic relativity, Levinson

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