elaws_regs_060350_ev003.doc - Building Code Act 1992 Loi de 1992 sur le code du b\u00e2timent ONTARIO REGULATION 350\/06 Amended to O Reg 423\/06 BUILDING

elaws_regs_060350_ev003.doc - Building Code Act 1992 Loi de...

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Unformatted text preview: Building Code Act, 1992 Loi de 1992 sur le code du bâtiment ONTARIO REGULATION 350/06 Amended to O. Reg. 423/06 BUILDING CODE Historical version for the period December 31, 2006 to April 1, 2007. This Regulation is made in English only. DIVISION A COMPLIANCE, OBJECTIVES AND FUNCTIONAL STATEMENTS PART 1 COMPLIANCE AND GENERAL Section 1.1. 1.1.1. 1.1.2. 1.1.3. Organization and Application Organization of this Code Application of Division B Building Size Determination Section 1.2. 1.2.1. 1.2.2. Compliance Compliance with Division B Materials, Appliances, Systems and Equipment Section 1.3. 1.3.1. Interpretation Interpretation Section 1.4. 1.4.1. 1.4.2. Terms and Abbreviations Definitions of Words and Phrases Symbols and Other Abbreviations Section 1.5. 1.5.1. 1.5.2. Referenced Documents and Organizations Referenced Documents Organizations Section 1.1. Organization and Application 1.1.1. Organization of this Code 1.1.1.1. Scope of Division A (1) Division A contains compliance and application provisions and the objectives and functional statements of this Code. 1.1.1.2. Scope of Division B (1) Division B contains the acceptable solutions of this Code. 1.1.1.3. Scope of Division C (1) Division C contains the administrative provisions of this Code. 1.1.1.4. Internal Cross-references (1) If a provision of this Code contains a reference to another provision of this Code but no Division is specified, both provisions are in the same Division of this Code. 1.1.2. Application of Division B 1.1.2.1. Application of Parts 1, 7 and 12 (1) Parts 1, 7 and 12 of Division B apply to all buildings. 1.1.2.2. Application of Parts 3, 4, 5 and 6 (1) Subject to Articles 1.1.2.6. and 1.3.1.2., Parts 3, 5 and 6 of Division B apply to all buildings, 1 (a) used for major occupancies classified as, (i) Group A, assembly occupancies, (ii) Group B, care or detention occupancies, (iii) Group F, Division 1, high hazard industrial occupancies, or (b) exceeding 600 m2 in building area or exceeding three storeys in building height and used for major occupancies classified as, (i) Group C, residential occupancies, (ii) Group D, business and personal services occupancies, (iii) Group E, mercantile occupancies, or (iv) Group F, Divisions 2 and 3, medium and low hazard industrial occupancies. (2) Subject to Articles 1.1.2.6. and 1.3.1.2., Part 4 of Division B applies to, (a) post-disaster buildings, (b) buildings described in Sentence (1), and (c) structures designated in Sentence 1.3.1.1.(1). (3) Section 3.11. of Division B applies to public pools. (4) Section 3.12. of Division B applies to public spas. (5) Section 3.15. of Division B applies to signs. 1.1.2.3. Application of Part 8 (1) Part 8 of Division B applies to the construction, operation and maintenance of all sewage systems and to the construction of buildings in the vicinity of sewage systems. 1.1.2.4. Application of Part 9 (1) Subject to Articles 1.1.2.6. and 1.3.1.2., Part 9 of Division B applies to all buildings, (a) of three or fewer storeys in building height, (b) having a building area not exceeding 600 m2, and (c) used for major occupancies classified as, (i) Group C, residential occupancies, (ii) Group D, business and personal services occupancies, (iii) Group E, mercantile occupancies, or (iv) Group F, Divisions 2 and 3, medium and low hazard industrial occupancies. 1.1.2.5. Application of Part 10 (1) Part 10 of Division B applies to existing buildings requiring a permit under section 10 of the Act. 1.1.2.6. Application of Part 11 (1) Except as provided in Sentence (2), Part 11 of Division B applies to the design and construction of existing buildings, or parts of existing buildings, that have been in existence for at least five years. (2) If a building has been in existence for at least five years but includes an addition that has been in existence for less than five years, Part 11 of Division B applies to the entire building. 1.1.2.7. Existing Buildings (1) Except as provided in Section 3.17. of Division B, Article 7.1.2.2. of Division B, Section 9.40. of Division B and Part 11 of Division B, if an existing building is extended or is subject to material alteration or repair, this Code applies only to the design and construction of the extensions and those parts of the building that are subject to the material alteration or repair. (2) If an existing previously occupied building is moved from its original location to be installed elsewhere, or is dismantled at its original location and moved to be reconstituted elsewhere, this Code applies only to changes to the design and construction of the building required as a result of moving the building. 1.1.3. Building Size Determination 1.1.3.1. Building Size Determination of Building Divided by Firewalls 2 (1) Where a firewall divides a building, each portion of the building that is divided shall be considered as a separate building, except for the purposes of, (a) a determination of gross area in Section 2.2. of Division C, (b) a fire alarm and detection system in Sentence 3.2.4.2.(1) of Division B or Article 9.10.18.1. of Division B, and (c) a plumbing system interconnected through a firewall. 1.1.3.2. Building Size Determination of Building Divided by Vertical Fire Separations (1) Except as permitted in Sentence (2), if portions of a building are completely separated by a vertical fire separation that has a fire-resistance rating of at least 1 h and that extends through all storeys and service spaces of the separate portions, each separated portion may be considered to be a separate building for the purpose of determining building height if, (a) each separated portion is not more than three storeys in building height and is used only for residential occupancies, and (b) the unobstructed path of travel for a fire fighter from the nearest street to one entrance to each separated portion is not more than 45 m. (2) The vertical fire separation in Sentence (1) may terminate at the floor assembly immediately above a basement if the basement conforms to Article 3.2.1.2. of Division B. Section 1.2. Compliance 1.2.1. Compliance with Division B 1.2.1.1 Compliance with Division B (1) Compliance with Division B shall be achieved, (a) by complying with the applicable acceptable solutions in Division B, or (b) by using alternative solutions that will achieve the level of performance required by the applicable acceptable solutions in respect of the objectives and functional statements attributed to the applicable acceptable solutions in Supplementary Standard SA-1. (2) For the purposes of Clause (1)(b), the level of performance in respect of a functional statement refers to the performance of the functional statement as it relates to the objective with which it is associated in Supplementary Standard SA-1. 1.2.2. Materials, Appliances, Systems and Equipment 1.2.2.1. Characteristics of Materials, Appliances, Systems and Equipment (1) All materials, appliances, systems and equipment installed to meet the requirements of this Code shall possess the necessary characteristics to perform their intended functions when installed in a building. 1.2.2.2. Used Materials, Appliances and Equipment (1) Unless otherwise specified, recycled materials in building products may be used and used materials, appliances and equipment may be reused when they meet the requirements of this Code for new materials and are satisfactory for their intended use. Section 1.3. Interpretation 1.3.1. Interpretation 1.3.1.1. Designated Structures (1) The following structures are designated for the purposes of clause (d) of the definition of building in subsection 1 (1) of the Act: (a) a retaining wall exceeding 1 000 mm in exposed height adjacent to, (i) public property, (ii) access to a building, or (iii) private property to which the public is admitted, (b) a pedestrian bridge appurtenant to a building, (c) a crane runway, (d) an exterior storage tank and its supporting structure that is not regulated by the Technical Standards and Safety Act, 2000, 3 (e) signs regulated by Section 3.15. of Division B that are not structurally supported by a building, (f) a solar collector that is mounted on a building and has a face area equal to or greater than 5 m², (g) a structure that supports a wind turbine generator having a rated output of more than 3 kW, (h) a dish antenna that is mounted on a building and has a face area equal to or greater than 5 m², (i) a communication tower exceeding 16.6 m above ground level, (j) an outdoor pool that has a water depth greater than 3.5 m at any point, (k) a public pool, and (l) a public spa. 1.3.1.2. Farm Buildings (1) Except as provided in Sentences (2) to (5), farm buildings shall conform to the requirements in the National Farm Building Code of Canada. (2) Articles 1.1.1.2. and 3.1.8.1. and Subsections 3.1.4. and 4.1.4. in the National Farm Building Code of Canada do not apply to farm buildings. (3) In the National Farm Building Code of Canada, references in Articles 1.1.1.3., 2.2.2.1., 2.2.2.2., 2.3.1.1., 2.3.2.1., 3.1.1.1., 3.1.1.2., 3.1.2.1. and 3.1.6.1. to the National Building Code of Canada are deemed to be references to Ontario Regulation 403/97 (Building Code) made under the Act, as that regulation read immediately before it was revoked. (4) A farm building of low human occupancy having a building area not exceeding 600 m2 and not more than three storeys in building height is deemed to comply with the structural requirements of the National Farm Building Code of Canada if it is designed and constructed in conformance with Supplementary Standard SB-11. (5) A manure storage tank shall comply with the requirements of Subsection 4.4.5. of Division B. Section 1.4. Terms and Abbreviations 1.4.1. Definitions of Words and Phrases 1.4.1.1. Non-defined Terms (1) Definitions of words and phrases used in this Code that are not included in the list of definitions in Articles 1.4.1.2. and 1.4.1.3. and are not defined in another provision of this Code shall have the meanings that are commonly assigned to them in the context in which they are used, taking into account the specialized use of terms by the various trades and professions to which the terminology applies. 1.4.1.2. Defined Terms (1) Each of the words and terms in italics in this Code has, (a) the same meaning as in subsection 1 (1) of the Act, if not defined in clause (b), or (b) the following meaning for the purposes of this Code and, where indicated, for the purposes of the Act: Absorption trench means an excavation in soil, as defined in Part 8 of Division B, or in leaching bed fill, being part of a leaching bed, in which a distribution pipe is laid that allows infiltration of the effluent into the soil, as defined in Part 8 of Division B, or leaching bed fill. Acceptable solution means a requirement stated in Parts 3 to 12 of Division B. Accessible means, when applied to a fixture, connection, plumbing appliance, valve, cleanout or equipment, to be accessible with or without having to first remove an access panel, door or similar obstruction, but a fixture, connection, plumbing appliance, valve, cleanout or equipment is not accessible if access can be gained only by cutting or breaking materials. Access to exit means that part of a means of egress within a floor area that provides access to an exit serving the floor area. Additional circuit vent means a vent pipe that is installed between a circuit vent and a relief vent to provide additional air circulation. Adfreezing means the adhesion of soil to a foundation unit resulting from the freezing of soil water. Air admittance valve means a one-way valve designed to allow air to enter the drainage system when the pressure in the plumbing system is less than the atmospheric pressure. Air barrier system means an assembly installed to provide a continuous barrier to the movement of air. Air break means the unobstructed vertical distance between the lowest point of an indirectly connected waste pipe and the flood level rim of the fixture into which it discharges. 4 Air-conditioning is the process of treating air in a space to control simultaneously its temperature, humidity, cleanliness, and distribution to meet the comfort requirements of the occupants of the space. Air gap means the unobstructed vertical distance through air between the lowest point of a water supply outlet and the flood level rim of the fixture or device into which the outlet discharges. Air-supported structure means a structure consisting of a pliable membrane that achieves and maintains its shape and support by internal air pressure. Alarm signal means an audible signal transmitted throughout one or more zones of a building or throughout a building to advise occupants that a fire emergency exists. Alert signal means an audible signal to advise designated persons of a fire emergency. Allowable bearing pressure means the maximum pressure that may be safely applied to a soil or rock by the foundation unit considered in design under expected loading and subsurface conditions. Allowable load means the maximum load that may be safely applied to a foundation unit considered in design under expected loading and subsurface conditions. Alternative measure means a substitute for a requirement of Part 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or 12 of Division B or for a compliance alternative. Alternative solution means a substitute for an acceptable solution. Appliance means a device to convert fuel into energy and includes all components, controls, wiring and piping required to be part of the device by the applicable standard referred to in this Code. Architect means, for the purposes of the Act and this Code, the holder of a licence, a certificate of practice or a temporary licence under the Architects Act. Artesian groundwater means a confined body of water under pressure in the ground. As constructed plans means, for the purposes of the Act and this Code, construction plans and specifications that show the building and the location of the building on the property as the building has been constructed. Assembly occupancy means the occupancy or the use of a building or part of a building by a gathering of persons for civic, political, travel, religious, social, educational, recreational or similar purposes or for the consumption of food or drink. Attic or roof space means the space between the roof and the ceiling of the top storey or between a dwarf wall and a sloping roof. Auxiliary water supply means, when applied to premises, any water supply on or available to the premises other than the primary potable water supply for the premises. Backflow means a flowing back or reversal of the normal direction of the flow. Backflow preventer means a device or a method that prevents backflow in a water distribution system. Back-siphonage means backflow caused by a negative pressure in the supply system. Back-siphonage preventer means a device or a method that prevents back-siphonage in a water distribution system. Back vent means a pipe that is installed to vent a trap off the horizontal section of a fixture drain or the vertical leg of a water closet or other fixture that has an integral siphonic flushing action and “back vented” has a corresponding meaning. Backwater valve means a check valve designed for use in a gravity drainage system. Barrier-free means, when applied to a building and its facilities, that the building and its facilities can be approached, entered and used by persons with physical or sensory disabilities. Basement means one or more storeys of a building located below the first storey. Bathroom group means a group of plumbing fixtures installed in the same room, consisting of one domestic-type lavatory, one water closet and either one bathtub, with or without a shower, or one one-headed shower. Bearing surface means the contact surface between a foundation unit and the soil or rock on which the foundation unit bears. Boarding, lodging or rooming house means a building, (a) that has a building height not exceeding three storeys and a building area not exceeding 600 m², (b) in which lodging is provided for more than four persons in return for remuneration or for the provision of services or for both, and (c) in which the lodging rooms do not have both bathrooms and kitchen facilities for the exclusive use of individual occupants. 5 Boiler means an appliance intended to supply hot water or steam for space heating, processing or power purposes. Bottle trap means a trap that retains water in a closed chamber and that seals the water by submerging the inlet pipe in the liquids or by a partition submerged in the liquids. Branch means a soil or waste pipe that is connected at its upstream end to the junction of two or more soil or waste pipes or to a soil or waste stack and that is connected at its downstream end to another branch, a sump, a soil or waste stack or a building drain. Branch vent means a vent pipe that is connected at its lower end to the junction of two or more vent pipes and that, at its upper end, is connected to another branch vent, a stack vent, a vent stack or a header, or terminates in open air. Breeching means a flue pipe or chamber for receiving flue gases from one or more flue connections and for discharging these gases through a single flue connection. Building area means the greatest horizontal area of a building above grade, (a) within the outside surface of exterior walls, or (b) within the outside surface of exterior walls and the centre line of firewalls. Building Code website means the website at . Building control valve means the valve on a water system that controls the flow of potable water from the water service pipe to the water distribution system. Building drain means the lowest horizontal piping, including any vertical offset, that conducts sewage, clear-water waste or storm water by gravity to a building sewer. Building height means the number of storeys contained between the roof and the floor of the first storey. Building sewer means a sanitary building sewer or storm building sewer. Building trap means a trap that is installed in a sanitary building drain or sanitary building sewer to prevent circulation of air between the sanitary drainage system and a public sewer. Business and personal services occupancy means the occupancy or use of a building or part of a building for the transaction of business or the provision of professional or personal services. Camp for housing of workers means a camp in which buildings or other structures or premises are used to accommodate five or more employees. Campground means land or premises used as an overnight camping facility that is not a recreational camp. Canopy means a roof-like structure projecting more than 300 mm from the exterior face of the building. Care and treatment occupancy (Group B, Division 2) means an occupancy in which persons receive special care and treatment. Care occupancy (Group B, Division 3) means an occupancy in which persons receive special or supervisory care because of cognitive or physical limitations, but does not include a dwelling unit. Care or detention occupancy means the occupancy or use of a building or part of a building by persons who, (a) are dependent on others to release security devices to permit egress, (b) receive special care and treatment, or (c) receive supervisory care. Cavity wall means a construction of masonry units laid with a cavity between the wythes, where the wythes are tied together with metal ties or bonding units and are relied on to act together in resisting lateral loads. Certificate for the occupancy of a building not fully completed means a certificate described in Sentence 4.7.4.3.(5) of Division C. Chamber means a structure that is constructed with an open bottom and that contains a pressurized distribution pipe. Check valve means a valve that permits flow in only one direction and prevents a return flow. Chimney means a shaft that is primarily vertical and that en...
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  • Fall '19
  • Drinking water, Water supply network, Division B

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