Chapter Two Neurodevelopmental Disorders Chapter Outline: 1. Introduction • Along with of the early onset of symptoms emergent in childhood, these disorders are placed first in the DSM-5 reflective of the developmental approach to the assessment of mental disorders • There are a numerous causes contributing to the development of these disorders ranging from: childhood deprivation, genetic and metabolic diseases, immune disorders, infectious diseases, nutrition, physical trauma, and toxic and environmental factors 2. Intellectual Disability (Intellectual Developmental Disorder) The DSM-5 definition of intellectual disability now includes both intellectual functions and the individual’s functional skills within the environment (a dimensional approach to the diagnosis) Major characteristics – seen by an individual’s significantly impaired cognitive functioning, and deficits in adaptive behaviors; for example, self-help, communication, or interpersonal skills Prevailing Pattern Differential Assessment – including: Intellectual functions - those individuals scoring in the range of 65 to 75 (or lower) are thought to have an intellectual disability Adaptive functioning (or skills needed to live independently) in multiple environments - such as home, school, work, the community – this information provided by someone familiar with the person, and also the observations of the practitioner Case Study - the case of Sammie Blaylock illustrates the symptom picture of intellectual disability Assessment Summary GRAY 23
3. Communication Disorders Major characteristics - the social worker does not play a central role in making the diagnosis for the communication disorders but they are reviewed in this chapter in order to extend the social worker’s understanding of the neurodevelopmental disorders and they are: a. Language disorder - describing difficulties in learning and using language that involve the processing of linguistic information due to deficits in comprehension or production b. Speech, sound disorder - describing those who have problems with pronunciation and articulation to the extent that they interfere with being understood or prevent verbal communication c.
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- Fall '19
- Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, developmental disorder, Communication disorder