012809 - Lecture Five: Citizenship in the late 19th Century...

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Lecture Five: Citizenship in the late 19th Century Key Questions: 1) How was citizenship re-defined during the late 19th century? 2) Was there any consistent pattern in the ideas about citizenship during this period? 3) In light of the 14th Amendment, to what extent was the content of citizenship uniform for all Americans? Keywords Civil Rights Cases (1883) Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) “Gentlemen’s Agreement” (1907) Dawes Act (1887) 01/28/09 HIST 128 TOPICS OF THE DAY: Who was an American in the late 19 th century and what it meant to be an American then? How should we bring order to a chaotic society? (The problem of labor and capital beset American economy throughout 18 th , 19 th and beginning of 20 th century) What rights should all Americans share and which were provisional (only be enjoyed by some)? o The question of who was an American was constantly refined in late 19 th century, those who had rights changed frequently. (Rights=legal) o “the highest stage of white supremacy” was the era of the 19 th century Ethnocentricism and racism ruled transformed in the American race relations and ethnic hierarchies (product of extensive debate) Racial Hierarchy Negro problem (as it was referred to by whites in the 19 th century) o At first—Defacto (informal racial segregation) , not legalized but it developed Sometimes it was voluntary, ex. Blacks create own neighborhoods and churches. Involuntary segregation as well after the Civil War- schools became segregated
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This note was uploaded on 05/31/2009 for the course HIST 128 taught by Professor Nelson during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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012809 - Lecture Five: Citizenship in the late 19th Century...

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