SerEstarNacionalidades

SerEstarNacionalidades - 126 - +:L-. Para a Frentet sexta...

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-- +:L-. 3. Location. Ser is used to locate (in space or time): a. an event ("takes place" in English) o casamento e na igreja. A reuniao foi as sete. b. Locate an entity whose position o edificio e na esquina. o Rio e no Brasil. Estar is used for the location of an permanent: A senhora estii em casa. Meu carro estii na garagem. A festa sera em casa A festa e no sabado. is permanent (not likely o correio e na pra~a Portugal e na Europa. entity whose position is Para a Frentet sexta Note chanl de Maria. 5. Pi) to change) even' central. not considered an a As flores estao na mesa. Onde estao os outros? 6. PI or whose position, although permanent, is very loosely defined in the speaker's mind: 7. T, o Tibet esta la no Hm do mundo. 4. Predicate adjectives. Ser is used with predicate adjectives (adjectives which describe the subject and follow the linking verb) to express a basic characteristic or defining trait of the subject. The 8. Ir trait is generally not subject to change, i.e., the speaker considers it a norm. (Consequently, what is the norm for one speaker might not be the norm from another speaker's viewpoint). Os elefantes sao grandes. Ela e bonita. A casa deles e moderna. Helena e doente (sickly). A musica era triste. When the speaker sees something for the first time (first impression) and there is no evidence that a change has occurred, ser is used: Jose e fraco. Estar describes the state or condition in which the subject is at a given time (as viewed by the speaker). This state or condition is likely to change: time o cafe estii muito quente. o copo estii vazio. seas( sp Estar may also convey a personal reaction, a personal comment, or a contrast with a previous condition: su fal Este cha esta doce. ("tastes") Joao estii palido. ("looks") wi Maria esta fraca. (contrast) o ceu daqui esta azul. (bluer than the norm)
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SerEstarNacionalidades - 126 - +:L-. Para a Frentet sexta...

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